A.C.N. Siena 1904
ACN Siena 1904, commonly referred to as Siena, is an Italian football club based in Siena, Tuscany. The club was re-incorporated in 2020 after the bankruptcy of the previous legal person Robur Siena, which itself was the reincarnation of the original club Associazione Calcio Siena S.p.A.. A.C. Siena's predecessor was founded in 1904.
|Full name||Associazione Calcio Noah Siena|
|Nickname(s)||I Bianconeri (The White and Blacks) |
The Robur (The Strength)
|Ground||Montepaschi Arena, Siena|
|Head coach||Alberto Gilardino|
|League||Serie D Group E|
|2019–20||Serie C Group A, 5th of 20 (dissolved)|
Formed in 1904 as Società Studio e Divertimento (Society for Study and Entertainment), as a sports club characterised by a black and white striped jersey which was derived from the city of Siena coat of arms. It founded its football club, named Società Sportiva Robur in 1908. Today, the name "Robur" is widely used by the local supporters to distinguish itself from the two basketball teams, "Mens Sana" and "Virtus".
The team finally became known as Associazione Calcio Siena (A.C. Siena) in 1933–34. In 1934–35, Siena were promoted for the first time to Serie B. In the post-war 1945–46 season, Siena played in the top division of Italian football for the first time. During that season, a mixed wartime league was composed of both Serie A and Serie B teams. Some of the southern sides that took part in the top division, including Siena, were Serie B teams, while northern Serie B teams played at the second level with the Serie C teams. Therefore, although Siena played in the top division, it was not considered as having officially played in Serie A during that season and not having qualified for the National Round. Siena won the fourth tier league championship in 1955–56 as the Scudetto IV Serie.
After having spent 55 years playing in several lower divisions, Siena were promoted back to Serie B for the start of the 2000–01 season. Following a good first up season in Serie B, the following season saw Siena in serious trouble and coach Giuseppe Papadopulo was sacked, although he would later be recalled and was able to save the club from relegation on the season's final matchday.
The following season, again with Papadopulo as head coach, Siena were promoted to Serie A for the first time officially, led by players such as Rodrigo Taddei and Pinga. Their return marked 58 years since their last appearance in the top division of Italian football.
In the 2003–04 campaign, the first Serie A season in the club's history, Siena finished in a respectable 13th place.
In the 2004–05 Serie A campaign, with Luigi De Canio as head coach, Siena struggled for long periods of the season, languishing in the relegation zone for a great part of the campaign, and with the team drawing far too many games and barely recording any wins, they looked almost certain to be relegated. However, a resurgence of form towards of the end of the season gave them hope, and a 2–1 win against already relegated Atalanta on the last day saw them secure safety and an acceptable 14th place in the table.
The 2005–06 season also saw Siena fighting hard and it successfully kept its place in Serie A. They ended the season in 17th place. For the 2006–07 season, Mario Beretta, who led Parma during the previous season, was appointed as new head coach. He kept Siena in Serie A after a 2–1 home win against Lazio in the final matchday.
During the 2006–07 season, club chairman Paolo De Luca, who took over in 2001 and helped the club to their first historical Serie A promotion, started talks to sell the club to a conglomerate of Tuscan businessmen led by Giovanni Lombardi Stronati, chairman of Valle del Giovenco. The bid was finalised on 30 March 2007, one day before De Luca died after a long illness.
The club also explored the possibility of changing its denomination to include the name of their main sponsor, Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena. On 9 July 2007, the club announced it had changed their denomination to "A.C. Siena Montepaschi". However, the name change needed to be accepted by the Italian Football Federation (FIGC) to become official: After the refusal by FIGC, this idea was abandoned.
The club was then acquired by Massimo Mezzaroma, with Valentina Mezzaroma as vice-chairman. On 7 May 2011, Siena were once again promoted to Serie A after finishing second in the 2010–11 Serie B. The club's stint into the top flight lasted two seasons, as they were relegated after ending the 2012–13 Serie A in 19th place.
Siena failed to register for 2014–15 Serie B on 15 July 2014, later announcing their bankruptcy. Former A.C. Siena chairman Massimo Mezzaroma was also sued by the prosecutor for false accounting in player swap (Rossi–Galuppo) Eventually the club and Mezzaroma were inadmissible from the charge due to expiry of the legal proceeding. Nevertheless, Guardia di Finanza seized €8.5 million from Mezzaroma for charges related to the bankruptcy.
In July 2014, thanks to the article 52 of N.O.I.F., the club was refounded under new legal person società sportiva dilettantistica Robur Siena, restarting from 2014–15 Serie D. It was promoted to 2015–16 Lega Pro as champions of Group E in June 2015.
In the 2015–16 season, Robur won the regional derby against Pisa at the Garibaldi Arena after 57 years and qualified for semifinal of Coppa Italia Lega Pro against Foggia, winning the first leg at home, 5–2.
Due to the non-admission of Avellino, Bari and Cesena, Siena became one of the repechage candidates to 2018–19 Serie B on 1 August 2018. Siena finished as the runner-up in the 2017–18 Serie C promotion playoffs, as well as runner-up in the group stage, losing to Cosenza and Livorno respectively. However, after a lengthy legal battles, Serie B decided to leave the 3 spots vacate.
Siena failed to register to Serie C after the end of the 2019–20 season, and the club was successively refounded as ACN Siena 1904 under the ownership of an Armenian group owning Armenian Premier League football club FC Noah.
Colours and badge
The team's home colours are black and white.
First team squad
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Notable former players
Management and coaching staff
|Head coach||Marians Pahars||Latvian|
|Assistant coach||Vladimir Gazzaev||Russian|
|Fitness coach||Sandro Bencardino||Italian|
|Technical assistant||Lorenzo Spina||Italian|
|Goalkeeping coach||Giorgio Rocca||Italian|
|Technical assistant||Alessandro Signorini||Italian|
|Technical assistant||Riccardo Tappa Brocci||Italian|
|Team manager||Ivan Sarra||Italian|
- Winners: 2002–03
- Winners: 2000
- Scudetto IV Serie/Serie D:
- Winners (2): 1955–56, 2014–15
- Vittorio Faroppa– 1936–39
- Oronzo Pugliese– 1959–61
- Lauro Toneatto– 1964–66
- Ettore Mannucci– 1977–78
- Ottavio Bianchi– 1978–79
- Ferruccio Mazzola– 1983–86
- Marcello Lippi– 1986–87
- Adriano Lombardi– 1987–88
- Ferruccio Mazzola– 1988–89
- Vincenzo Guerini– Nov 2001 – Feb 2002
- Giuseppe Papadopulo– 2001 – Dec 2004
- Luigi Simoni– Jun 2004 – Jan 2004
- Luigi De Canio– Nov 2004 – Jun 2006
- Mario Beretta– Jul 2006 – Jun 2007
- Andrea Mandorlini– Jul 2007 – Nov 2007
- Mario Beretta– Nov 2007 – Jun 2008
- Marco Giampaolo– Jul 2008 – Oct 2009
- Marco Baroni– Oct 2009 – Nov 2009
- Alberto Malesani– Nov 2009 – May 2010
- Antonio Conte– May 2010 – May 2011
- Giuseppe Sannino– Jun 2011 – Jun 2012
- Serse Cosmi– Jun 2012 – Dec 2012
- Giuseppe Iachini– Dec 2012–13
- Mario Beretta– 2013– Jun 2014
- Massimo Morgia– Jul 2014 – Jul 2015
- Gianluca Atzori– Jul 2015 – Dec 2015
- Guido Carboni– Dec 2015 – Jun 2016
- Giovanni Colella– Jul 2016 – Dec 2016
- Cristiano Scazzola– Dec 2016 – Jun 2017
- Michele Mignani– Jun 2017 –
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- "Procura Federale: deferiti 12 dirigenti sportivi e 4 società" (in Italian). Italian Football Federation. 14 September 2016. Retrieved 26 May 2017.
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- "Voglio riportare la Robur ai livelli che le competono". La Nazione (in Italian). 30 July 2014. Retrieved 8 June 2018.
- "Siena al top: vince a Pisa dopo 57 anni. Akragas, che fatica in casa". Sky Sport (in Italian). Sky Italia. 18 November 2015. Archived from the original on 21 November 2015. Retrieved 23 February 2016.
- "Robur Siena v Foggia Live Commentary & Result, 24/02/2016, Coppa Italia Serie C". Goal.com. 24 February 2016. Retrieved 8 June 2018.
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- "Robur, ecco chi sono gli armeni che vogliono comprare la società. Domani saranno a Siena". Sienanews.it (in Italian). 16 July 2020. Retrieved 7 September 2020.
- "Siena, la decisione del sindaco: società agli armeni, il comunicato". Gianlucadimarzio.com (in Italian). 25 August 2020. Retrieved 7 September 2020.
- 25-06-2014 MPS Siena - EA7 Milano - Canto della Verbena, retrieved 26 April 2021
- "Prima Squadra" (in Italian). A.C.N. Siena. Retrieved 2 February 2017.