A.C. Cesena, commonly referred to as Cesena (Italian pronunciation: [tʃeˈzɛːna]), was an Italian football club based in Cesena, Emilia-Romagna. The club spent most of its history in professional leagues such as Serie A and Serie B, but went bankrupt and folded in 2018. Another club from Cesena, A.S.D. Romagna Centro Cesena, claimed to be the bankrupted club's successor. In 2019 that club applied change its name to "Cesena F.C.".
|Full name||Associazione Calcio Cesena S.p.A.|
|Nickname(s)||I Cavallucci Marini (The Seahorses) |
I Bianconeri (The White and Blacks)
|Ground||Stadio Dino Manuzzi,|
|Head Coach||William Viali|
|2017–18||Serie B, 13th of 22|
The club was formed in 1940 and won its first promotion to Serie A in 1973. Since then, the club have been in Serie A for a total of 13 seasons, their best achievement coming in 1976 with a sixth-placed finish and a short run in the following season's UEFA Cup. The other four promotions to Serie A were achieved in 1981, 1987, 2010 (after two consecutive promotions — from the third league (Lega Pro) in 2009 and from Serie B in 2010, both won on the final day of the season) and 2014.
Founded in 1940, Cesena reached Serie B in 1968 and were promoted to Serie A for the first time in 1973. With players such as Pierluigi Cera and Gianluigi Savoldi, the club held its own and finished a respectable 11th place in their debut season, repeating that finish the following year. In the 1975–76 season, Cesena surprised Italy by finishing sixth and subsequently qualifying for the UEFA Cup. The glory was short-lived and they would be relegated the next year.
A second promotion to Serie A followed in 1981 and finished a respectable 10th before being relegated once more in 1983, staying in Serie B for four years. After winning a play-off, they were back in Serie A for 1987–88 and enjoyed a four-year stay, being obdurate enough to just avoid relegation in this time.
After relegation in 1991, Cesena had another chance to return to Serie A in 1994. With players such as Alessandro Teodorani, Emiliano Salvetti, Luigi Piangerelli, Aldo Dolcetti, and Dario Hübner, this was a team of considerable ability. They finished level on points with Padova, however, and lost a promotion play-off which would be a bitter blow for the club, who would suffer relegation to Serie C1 in 1997. Whilst promotion followed, a relegation play-off against Pistoiese in 2000 would see them condemned to a four-year stay in the third division.
In the 2005–06 Serie B, Cesena surprisingly emerged as contenders for promotion to Serie A, ending in sixth place and being therefore qualified for the promotion play-offs. They escaped relegation the following season, but not in 2007–08.
Cesena's first campaign in Serie C1, now rebranded Lega Pro Prima Divisione, started with former Foligno boss Pierpaolo Bisoli as new head coach. Throughout the season, Cesena quickly emerged as major contenders for direct promotion, and managed to take first place in the league on Week 33, with only one game remaining and a two-point advantage to challengers Pro Patria. On the final week of the season, Cesena's 0–0 draw with Verona, coupled with Pro Patria's 0–0 draw with Padova, gave the bianconeri the league title and direct promotion back to Serie B, after only one season in the Italian third tier. Cesena went to as 3rd in Round 33, one point behind Brescia in the 2009–10 season. Cesena earned their second consecutive promotion after a 1–0 victory at Piacenza and Brescia's 2–1 loss in Padua against Padova on 30 May 2010, finishing 19 years of absence from the Serie A.
Serie A and B
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Cesena returned to Serie A after 19 years of absence in 2010. After the 2011–12 season, Cesena were relegated from the top tier to the Serie B.
Since relegation Cesena also restructured their finance, which the company revered merger with intermediate holding company Cesena 1940 Srl in December 2012. The company held 98.23% shares of AC Cesena SpA. After the merger, another intermediate holding company, Opera Cesena Calcio Srl represented by Igor Campedelli (from unknown investor through Romagna Sport Srl), which previously own 65.03% shares on Cesena 1940 Srl, sold 27.6% shares of Cesena to GMG Srl, a company of Giorgio Lugaresi, who already owned 30.06% shares of Cesena 1940 Srl before the merger. On 24 April 2013 Giorgio Lugaresi was re-elected as the president of A.C. Cesena SpA. After the transactions the club also recapitalized €9.5 million during 2013–14 season in order to avoid bankruptcy, which GMG Srl through subsidiary Cesena & Co. Scarl, held 9,499,000 out of 9,500,000 shares (99.9895%) of Cesena as of 30 June 2014, with a nominal value of €1 per shares. In February 2014 Cesena was under criminal investigation for the fraud in Campedelli era. Campedelli was banned 6 months in March 2013 by FIGC.
Despite the financial difficulties, Cesena won promotion back to Serie A on 18 June 2014, winning Latina in playoffs in 4–2 aggregate. In that match, most of the players (12 out of 20) were on loan from other clubs, with only 4 players were under Cesena contract in starting lineup (Renzetti, De Feudis, Garritano and Defrel) and 4 players on the bench (Alberto Iglio, Consolini, Rodríguez and Succi). Financially, Cesena had another year of negative EBITDA in 2013–14 season, for about €11 million, if excluding windfall profit from player trading from the calculation.
In September 2016, the club and former chairman Campedelli were also sued by the prosecutor for false accounting in player-swap (Fabbri–Palumbo as well as Nagatomo–Caldirola–Garritano) Eventually the directors were inadmissible from the charge due to expiry of the legal proceeding but the club chose to plead guilty for a fine of €80,000.
In June 2018, Cesena was charged for false accounting again in the player swap with Chievo. The prosecutor request to penalize Cesena for up to 15 points, accusing the price tag in the deals were inflated. However, as Cesena was folded in 2018, the club was not penalized. An appeal to a department of Italian National Olympic Committee, stating the point deduction should be applied to 2017–18 season, causing Virtus Entella, which originally relegated in 2017–18 Serie B season, made another appeal to Tribunale Amministrativo Regionale del Lazio, for re-admission back to 2018–19 Serie B.
In July 2018 A.S.D. Romagna Centro, or known as Romagna Centro, applied to rename as "Cesena F.C.", as a phoenix club of A.C. Cesena.
Colours and badge
The team's colours were black and white.
- Serie B:
- Serie C/Serie C1/Lega Pro:
- Coppa Italia Serie C:
- Winners (1): 2003–04
- Runners-up (1): 1997–98
- Prima Divisione:
- Winners (1): 1940–41
- Serie D:
- Winners (1): 1959–60
- Promozione Regionale:
- Winners (2): 1952–53, 1956–57
|12||Tifosi||Italy||Not applicable||Reserved for the Cesena supporters|
|21||Paolo Martelli||Italy||Defender||Posthumous recognition. Died in a car accident on 12 April 1999|
Notable former players
This list of former players includes those who received international caps while playing for the team, made significant contributions to the team in terms of appearances or goals while playing for the team, or who made significant contributions to the sport either before they played for the team, or after they left. It is clearly not yet complete and all inclusive, and additions and refinements will continue to be made over time.
- "Esplode un urlo di felicità Il Cesena torna in serie B". Il Resto del Carlino (in Italian). 17 May 2009. Retrieved 10 November 2018.
- "Calcio: ecco il nuovo assetto bianconero" (in Italian). romagnanoi.it. 12 October 2012. Retrieved 19 June 2014.
- "Cesena, il cuore in Romagna e il portafoglio a Milano" (in Italian). tuttob.com. 9 October 2012. Retrieved 19 June 2014.
- "La NewCo. entra nel Cesena Calcio" (in Italian). AC Cesena. 13 April 2013. Archived from the original on 15 February 2016. Retrieved 19 June 2014.
- "Giorgio Lugaresi è il nuovo Presidente del Cesena Calcio" (in Italian). AC Cesena. 24 April 2013. Archived from the original on 1 June 2013. Retrieved 31 May 2014.
- A.C. Cesena S.p.A. bilancio (financial report and accounts) on 30 June 2014 (in Italian), PDF purchased from Italian C.C.I.A.A.
- "Sequestri della polizia nella sede del Cesena Calcio" (in Italian). AC Cesena. 3 February 2014. Retrieved 19 June 2014.
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 February 2016. Retrieved 21 June 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Marotta, Luca (25 January 2015). "Bilancio Cesena 2013/14: la rateizzazione del debito fiscale e la continuità aziendale col Piano" (in Italian). Retrieved 9 February 2016.
- "Procura Federale: deferiti 12 dirigenti sportivi e 4 società" (in Italian). Italian Football Federation. 14 September 2016. Archived from the original on 14 August 2017. Retrieved 26 May 2017.
- "Comunicato Ufficiale N°31/TFN (2016–17)" (PDF) (Press release) (in Italian). FIGC. 8 November 2016. Retrieved 6 June 2017.
- "Comunicato Ufficiale N°125/CFA" (PDF). Corte Federale d'Appello (in Italian). Italian Football Federation. 20 April 2017. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 August 2017. Retrieved 29 May 2017.
- "Comunicato Ufficiale №93/TFN – Sezione Disciplinare (2016–17)" (PDF). Tribunale Federale Nazionale – Sezione Disciplinare (in Italian). Italian Football Federation. 13 June 2017. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 August 2018. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
- Russo, Pippo (7 March 2018). "Vicenza, plusvalenze senza rischi: la FIGC assolve tutti nel silenzio generale e i club falliscono - parte 1". calciomercato.com (in Italian). Retrieved 6 August 2018.
- "TFN: Chievo Deferimento improcedibile, -15 al Cesena nella stagione 2018/2019" (Press release) (in Italian). Italian Football Federation. 25 July 2018. Archived from the original on 6 August 2018. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
- "Plusvalenze: deferiti il Chievo, il presidente Luca Campedelli e altri dirigenti" (Press release) (in Italian). Italian Football Federation. 3 August 2018. Archived from the original on 6 August 2018. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
- Russo, Pippo (25 June 2018). "Clamoroso, grazie alle plusvalenze fittizie Chievo e Cesena si sono iscritte al campionato: lo dice anche la Figc!". calciomercato.com (in Italian). Retrieved 6 August 2018.
- "TFN: Chievo Deferimento improcedibile, -15 al Cesena nella stagione 2018/2019" (Press release) (in Italian). Italian Football Federation. 25 July 2018. Archived from the original on 6 August 2018. Retrieved 12 October 2018.
- "Serie A side Chievo found guilty of "false accounting," will appeal". Fox Sports (Australia edition). AFP. 14 September 2018.
- "Virtus Entella: The Italian team without a division". BBC Sport. 8 October 2018. Retrieved 12 October 2018.
- "Virtus Entella, rinviata la sentenza del Tar". La Gazzetta dello Sport (in Italian). Milan: RCS MediaGroup. 9 October 2018. Retrieved 11 October 2018.
- "Comunicato della società" (Press release) (in Italian). A.C. Cesena. 16 July 2018. Archived from the original on 16 July 2018. Retrieved 16 July 2018.
- "Scelta la cordata di Pubblisole, nasce la nuova avventura del "Cesena FC"". Cesena Today (in Italian). 23 July 2018. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
- "Eugeo ritira la maglia n. 12" [Eugeo retire shirt number 12] (in Italian). A.C. Cesena. 29 July 2009. Archived from the original on 20 March 2012. Retrieved 9 July 2011.
- "AC Cesena at UEFA.com". Uefa.com.