Athens Exchange

The Athens Stock Exchange (ASE or ATHEX; Greek: Χρηματιστήριο Αθηνών (Χ.Α.), Chrimatistírio Athinón) is the stock exchange of Greece, based in the capital city of Athens.[2] It was founded in 1876. There are currently five markets operating in ATHEX: regulated securities market, regulated derivatives market, Alternative market, carbon market (for EUAs) and OTC market.[2] In the regulated securities market investors can trade in stocks, bonds, ETFs and other related securities. On the stock exchange 172 stocks are currently traded representing 166 companies.

Athens Stock Exchange (ATHEX)
Χρηματιστήριο Αθηνών
TypeStock Exchange
Bond market
Derivatives market
LocationAthinon Avenue 110, Athens, Greece
Founded1876 (145 years ago) (1876)
OwnerHellenic Exchanges S.A. (100%)
Key peopleGeorge Handjinicolaou (Chairman)
Socrates Lazaridis (CEO)
No. of listings172[lower-alpha 1][1]
Market cap€54.0 billion[lower-alpha 2][1]
Volume18,5 million[lower-alpha 3][1]

ATHEX has over 30 indices. The six main indices are: Composite Index (GD), FTSE/Athex Large Cap (FTSE, also known as FTSE 25), FTSE/Athex Mid Cap Index (FTSEM), FTSE/Athex Market Index (FTSEA), FTSE/ATHEX Global Traders Index Plus (FTSEGTI) and FTSE/ATHEX Factor-Weighted Index (FTSEMSFW).[3] The Athens Composite index started trading in 1980,[4] its High 6355.04 set on 17 September 1999. The Athens stock exchange was closed on 27 June 2015 because of the Greek government-debt crisis.[5] It reopened on 3 August 2015 and lost more than 16% in the day's trading with certain bank stocks plummeting 30%, the daily change limit.[6][7]


The building in Sofocleous Street that used to accommodate the Athens Exchange until 2007

The Athens Stock Exchange started trading in 1876. Its day-to-day running has been assigned to Hellenic Exchanges – Athens Stock Exchange S.A., whose shares are listed on the exchange (Athex: EXAE). Athens Stock Exchange changed into public entity in 1918. In 1995 ASE was transformed into public limited company with the only shareholder – Greek state. Greek state sold 39.67% of the shares in 1997, and 12% in 1998 through private placement. State shares were decreased to 47.7% in 1999.[8] The derivatives market started trading in August 1999 after Athens Derivatives Exchange (ADEX) and the Athens Derivatives Exchange Clearing House started operations.[8] In 2002 the Athens Stock Exchange and the Athens Derivatives Exchange merged to form the Athens Stock Exchange.[9]

After being closed due to the ongoing debt crisis since June 27, 2015, the stock market crashed when the exchange was reopened on 3 August. The overall index lost over 16% of its value with bank stocks losing the maximum allowed 30% on the day's trading.[6]

The Athens Stock Exchange is a member of the Federation of Euro-Asian Stock Exchanges.


Until 2007, the exchange was located on Sofocleous Street, in the central business district of Athens. For this reason the Exchange and Sofocleous St became synonymous with each other. It is now located in its new headquarters at 110 Athinon Street, also called Kavalas Street. The exchange's trading hours are from 10:00am to 05:20pm Monday to Friday, and is closed on Saturdays, Sundays and holidays declared by the Exchange in advance.[10]

Stock exchange

Companies listed on the exchange are regulated by the Hellenic Capital Market Commission.[11] As of 2 February 2021 on the Athens Exchange 166 companies[12] are represented with 172 stocks.[1][lower-alpha 4] The Securities Market has 163 stocks[1] (from 157 companies) and the Alternative Market has 9 stocks (9 companies).[13]

Categories of stocks

The stocks of the Securities Market are divided into three categories:

For a list of the companies see: List of companies listed on the Athens Exchange .

Composite Index

The Athens Exchange uses the symbol GD for the Composite Index.[4] The Bloomberg code for this index is ASE;[4][17] the Reuters code is .ATG.[4] The Composite Index was launched on 31 December 1980 (40 years ago)[4] and has 60 constituents.[4][18]

Annual Returns

The following table shows the annual development of the Athens Composite Index since 1987.[19]

Year Closing level Change in index
in points
Change in index
in %
2015 631.35 −194.83 −23.58
2016 643.64 12.29 1.95
2017 802.37 158.73 24.66
2018 613.30 −189.07 −23.56
2019 916.67 303.37 49.47


Board of Directors oversees the activity of ATHEX. The Board consists of 13 members who are elected by the General Meeting of Shareholders for a 4-year term.[20] The current Board was elected at the 14th Annual general Meeting of Shareholders conducted on 20 May 2015.[21] The Chairman of the Board is George Handjinicolaou.[20] Socrates Lazaridis is the CEO.[22]


  1. 172 stocks as of 2 February 2021, including the 9 stocks of the Alternative Market (from 166 companies).
  2. as of 31 December 2020
  3. volume of Thursday 31 December 2020
  4. There are 6 preferred stocks: AAAP, ANEP, ANEPO, LEVEP, MPP, XYLEP
  5. As of 2 February 2021
  6. The preferred stocks LEVEP, XYLEP correspond respectively to the common stocks LEVEK and XYLEK.
  7. As of 2 February 2021
  8. The preferred stock AAAP corresponds to the common stock AAAK and ANEP, ANEPO are preferred stocks of the companý that has ANEK as common stock.
  9. As of 2 February 2021
  10. The preferred stock MPP corresponds to the common stock MPK.


  1. "Stocks, All Markets –". Retrieved 2021-02-02.
  2. "Markets".
  3. "Indices –".
  4. "GD: Index overview". Retrieved 19 April 2016.
  5. Udland, Myles (28 June 2015). "REPORT: Greece's stock market will be closed for at least a week". Business Insider. Retrieved 1 July 2015.
  6. "Greek stock market bloodbath as exchange reopens". AP. 3 August 2015. Retrieved 3 August 2015.
  7. "Market Holidays". Athens Exchange Group. 12 August 2015. Retrieved 12 August 2015.
  8. "History -". Archived from the original on 2015-07-16. Retrieved 2018-05-29.
  9. Zeynep Copur (31 January 2015). Handbook of Research on Behavioral Finance and Investment Strategies ... IGI Global. p. 257. ISBN 9781466674851. Retrieved 3 August 2015.
  10. Market Hours, Athens Exchange via Wikinvest
  11. "ANNUAL REPORT 2009" (PDF). Hellenic Republic Capital Market Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-10-03. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  12. "Companies, All Markets –". Retrieved 2021-02-02.
  13. "Stocks, Alternative Market–". Retrieved 2021-02-02.
  14. "Stocks, Main Market–". Retrieved 2021-02-02.
  15. "Stocks, Surveillance–". Retrieved 2021-02-02.
  16. "Stocks, Under Suspension –". Retrieved 2021-02-02.
  17. "ASE Quote – Athens Stock Exchange General Index".
  18. "GD: Index composition". Retrieved 19 April 2016.
  19. "Historical data: ATHEX Composite Index - Greece (^ATH)".
  20. "Board of Directors -". Retrieved 2018-05-29.
  21. "Press Release of 14th Annual General Meeting". Retrieved 2018-05-29.
  22. "Socrates Lazaridis, Hellenic Exchanges - Athens Stock Exchange SA: Profile & Biography". Bloomberg. Retrieved 2018-05-29.