Ab Urbe Condita Libri

The book History of Rome, sometimes referred to as Ab Urbe Condita Libri (Books from the Founding of the City),[lower-roman 1] is a monumental history of ancient Rome, written in Latin between 27 and 9 BC by the historian Titus Livius, or "Livy", as he is usually known in English.[lower-roman 2] The work covers the period from the legends concerning the arrival of Aeneas and the refugees from the fall of Troy, to the city's founding in 753, the expulsion of the Kings in 509, and down to Livy's own time, during the reign of the emperor Augustus.[lower-roman 3][lower-roman 4] The last event covered by Livy is the death of Drusus in 9 BC.[2] 35 of 142 books, about 25% of the work, is still extant.[4] The surviving books deal with the events down to 293 BC (books 1-10), and from 219 to 166 BC (books 21-45).

Stories from Livy I.4, on an altar panel from Ostia. Father Tiber looks on at the lower right while the national lupa (wolf) nourishes Romulus and Remus, founders of Rome. The herders are about to find them. One of their goats can be seen. Small animals denote the wildness of the place. The national aquila (eagle) is portrayed.