Abdel Fattah el-Sisi

Abdel Fattah Saeed Hussein Khalil el-Sisi[lower-alpha 1] (born 19 November 1954) is a retired military officer and Egyptian politician who has served as the sixth and current president of Egypt since 2014. Before retiring as a general in the Egyptian military in 2014, Sisi served as Egypt’s deputy prime minister from 2013 to 2014, as its minister of defense from 2012 to 2013, as its director of military intelligence from 2010 to 2012.[1]

Abdel Fattah el-Sisi
عبد الفتاح السیسی
Official portrait, 2017
6th President of Egypt
Assumed office
8 June 2014
Prime MinisterIbrahim Mahlab
Sherif Ismail
Moustafa Madbouly
Preceded byAdly Mansour (Interim)
Deputy Prime Minister of Egypt
In office
16 July 2013  26 March 2014
Prime MinisterHazem al-Beblawi
Ibrahim Mahlab
17th Chairperson of the African Union
In office
10 February 2019  10 February 2020
Preceded byPaul Kagame
Succeeded byCyril Ramaphosa[1]
Minister of Defence
In office
12 August 2012  26 March 2014
Prime MinisterHesham Qandil
Hazem al-Beblawi
Ibrahim Mahlab
Preceded byMohamed Hussein Tantawi
Succeeded bySedki Sobhy
Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces
In office
12 August 2012  26 March 2014
Preceded byMohamed Hussein Tantawi
Succeeded bySedki Sobhy
Director of Military Intelligence
In office
3 January 2010  12 August 2012
Preceded byMurad Muwafi
Succeeded byMahmoud Hegazy
Personal details
Abdel Fattah Saeed Hussein Khalil el-Sisi

(1954-11-19) 19 November 1954 (age 67)
Cairo, Cairo Governorate, Republic of Egypt
Political partyIndependent
(m. 1977)
Children4, including Mahmoud
Parent(s)Said Hussein Khalil el-Sisi
Soad Mohamed
Alma materEgyptian Military Academy
Military service
Allegiance Egypt
Branch/service Egyptian Army
Years of service1977–2014
Rank Field Marshal
Battles/warsGulf War
Sinai insurgency
Second Libyan Civil War
Yemeni Civil War

Sisi was born in Cairo in 1954. As a young man, he joined the Egyptian Army and held a post in Saudi Arabia before enrolling in the Egyptian Army's Command and Staff College. Sisi received additional training at the Joint Services Command and Staff College in the United Kingdom in 1992, and at the United States Army War College in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, in 2006. Before becoming director of military intelligence in 2010, he served as a mechanized infantry commander.

After the Egyptian revolution of 2011 and election of Mohamed Morsi to the Egyptian presidency, Sisi was appointed Minister of Defense by Morsi on 12 August 2012, replacing the Hosni Mubarak-era Hussein Tantawi. As the minister of defense, and ultimately commander in chief of the Egyptian Armed Forces, Sisi was involved in the military coup that removed then-president Morsi from office on 3 July 2013, in response to the June 2013 Egyptian protests. Morsi was replaced by an interim president, Adly Mansour, who appointed a new cabinet. Demonstrations, sit-ins, and violent clashes between supporters of Morsi and security forces followed, culminating in the Rabaa massacre.

On 26 March 2014, in response to calls from supporters to run for the presidency, Sisi retired from his military career and announced that he would run as a candidate in the 2014 presidential election.[2] The election, held between 26 and 28 May, featured one opponent, Hamdeen Sabahi,[3] saw 47% participation by eligible voters, and resulted in Sisi winning in a landslide victory with 97% of the vote.[3][4][5] Sisi was sworn into office as President of Egypt on 8 June 2014.

Sisi rules an authoritarian regime in Egypt,[6][7][8][9] and some elements of his rule have occasionally been described as even more strict than that of prior authoritarian leader Mubarak.[10][11] In the 2018 presidential election, Sisi faced only nominal opposition (a pro-government supporter, Moussa Mostafa Moussa) after the military arrest of Sami Anan,[12][13][14][15] threats made to Ahmed Shafik with old corruption charges and an alleged sex tape,[16][17][18] and the withdrawal of Khaled Ali and Mohamed Anwar El-Sadat due to the overwhelming obstacles presented, and violations committed, by the elections committee.[19][20][21]

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