Acre (state)

Acre ([ˈakɾi] (listen))[3] is a state located in the west of the North Region of Brazil and the Amazonia Legal. Located in the westernmost part of the country, at a two-hour time difference from Brasília, Acre is bordered clockwise by the Brazilian states of Amazonas and Rondônia to the north and northeast, the Bolivian department of Pando to the southeast, and the Peruvian regions of Madre de Dios, Ucayali and Loreto to the south and west.

Acre
Estado do Acre
State of Acre
Motto(s): 
Nec Luceo Pluribus Impar (Latin)
"I do not shine differently from the others"
Anthem: Hino do Acre
Coordinates: 9°S 70°W
Country Brazil
CapitalRio Branco
Government
  GovernorGladson Cameli (PP)
  Vice GovernorMajor Rocha (PSDB)
  SenatorsMailza Gomes (PP)
Márcio Bittar (MDB)
Sérgio Petecão (PSD)
Area
  Total152,581 km2 (58,912 sq mi)
Area rank16th
Population
 (2007)[1]
  Total733,559
  Estimate 
(2019)
881,935
  Rank25th
  Density5.1/km2 (13/sq mi)
  Density rank23rd
Demonym(s)acriano(a)
GDP
  Year2006 estimate
  TotalR$ 4,835,000,000 (26th)
  Per capitaR$ 7,041 (18th)
HDI
  Year2017
  Category0.719[2]high (21st)
Time zoneUTC−5 (ACT)
Postal Code
69900-000 to 69999-000
ISO 3166 codeBR-AC
Websitewww.ac.gov.br

Its capital and largest city is Rio Branco. Other important places include Cruzeiro do Sul, Sena Madureira, Tarauacá and Feijó.

Intense extractive activity in the rubber industry, which reached its height in the early 20th century, attracted Brazilians from many regions to the state. From the mixture of sulista, southeastern Brazil, nordestino, and indigenous traditions arose a diverse cuisine. It combines sun-dried meat (carne-de-sol) with pirarucu, a typical fish of the region. Such dishes are seasoned with tucupi, a sauce made from manioc.

Fluvial transport, concentrated on the Juruá and Moa rivers, in the western part of the state, and the Tarauacá and Envira rivers in the northwest, is the principal form of transportation, especially between November and June. Heavy seasonal rains frequently make the BR-364 impassable in those months; it usually connects Rio Branco to Cruzeiro do Sul.