Adam (Hebrew: אָדָם, Modern: ʼAdam, Tiberian: ʾĀḏām; Aramaic: ܐܕܡ; Arabic: آدَم, romanized: ʾĀdam; Greek: Ἀδάμ, romanized: Adám; Latin: Adam) is a figure in the Book of Genesis of the Hebrew Bible and Christian Bible, and also in the Quran. According to the creation myth of the Abrahamic religions, he was the first man. In both Genesis and Quran, Adam and his wife were expelled from the Garden of Eden for eating the fruit of the tree of knowledge of good and evil.
Extra-biblical: Lilith precedes Eve
|Children||Biblical: Cain, Abel and Seth (three sons)|
Extra-biblical: Awan, Azura, and Luluwa or Aclima (three daughters)
|Born||Created on 6th day|
Garden of Eden
|Died||c. 930 AM|
|Venerated in||Christianity (Catholic Church, Eastern Orthodox Churches, Oriental Orthodox Churches) |
|Patronage||Gardeners and tailors|
Various forms of creationism and biblical literalism consider Adam to be a historical person. Scientific evidence does not support the idea that the entire human population descends from a single man.
The word adam is also used in the Bible as a pronoun, individually as "a human" and in a collective sense as "mankind". Biblical Adam (man, mankind) is created from adamah (earth), and Genesis 1–8 makes considerable play of the bond between them, for Adam is estranged from the earth through his disobedience.