Adam

Adam (Hebrew: אָדָם, Modern: ʼAdam, Tiberian: ʾĀḏām; Aramaic: ܐܕܡ; Arabic: آدَم, romanized: ʾĀdam; Greek: Ἀδάμ, romanized: Adám; Latin: Adam) is a figure in the Book of Genesis of the Hebrew Bible and Christian Bible, and also in the Quran. According to the creation myth of the Abrahamic religions,[1] he was the first man. In both Genesis and Quran, Adam and his wife were expelled from the Garden of Eden for eating the fruit of the tree of knowledge of good and evil.

Adam
Spouse(s)Biblical: Eve
Extra-biblical: Lilith precedes Eve
ChildrenBiblical: Cain, Abel and Seth (three sons)
Extra-biblical: Awan, Azura, and Luluwa or Aclima (three daughters)
Adam
A Byzantine mosaic in Monreale depicting Adam encountering the pre-incarnate Jesus at the Garden of Eden
The Patriarch
BornCreated on 6th day[lower-alpha 1]
Garden of Eden
Diedc.930 AM
Venerated inChristianity (Catholic Church, Eastern Orthodox Churches, Oriental Orthodox Churches)
Islam
Baháʼí Faith
Feast24 December
PatronageGardeners and tailors

Various forms of creationism and biblical literalism consider Adam to be a historical person. Scientific evidence does not support the idea that the entire human population descends from a single man.[2][3][4][5][6]

The word adam is also used in the Bible as a pronoun, individually as "a human" and in a collective sense as "mankind".[7] Biblical Adam (man, mankind) is created from adamah (earth), and Genesis 1–8 makes considerable play of the bond between them, for Adam is estranged from the earth through his disobedience.[8]