Additive inverse

In mathematics, the additive inverse of a number a is the number that, when added to a, yields zero. This number is also known as the opposite (number),[1] sign change,[2] and negation.[3] For a real number, it reverses its sign: the additive inverse (opposite number) of a positive number is negative, and the additive inverse of a negative number is positive. Zero is the additive inverse of itself.

The additive inverse of a is denoted by unary minus: a (see also § Relation to subtraction below).[4] For example, the additive inverse of 7 is −7, because 7 + (−7) = 0, and the additive inverse of −0.3 is 0.3, because −0.3 + 0.3 = 0.

Similarly, the additive inverse of ab is −(ab) which can be simplified to ba. The additive inverse of 2x − 3 is 3 − 2x, because 2x − 3 + 3 − 2x = 0.[5]

The additive inverse is defined as its inverse element under the binary operation of addition (see also § Formal definition below), which allows a broad generalization to mathematical objects other than numbers. As for any inverse operation, double additive inverse has no net effect: −(−x) = x.

These complex numbers, two of eight values of 81, are mutually opposite

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