African Plate

The African Plate is a major tectonic plate straddling the Equator as well as the prime meridian. It includes much of the continent of Africa, as well as oceanic crust which lies between the continent and various surrounding ocean ridges. Between 60 million years ago and 10 million years ago, the Somali Plate began rifting from the African Plate along the East African Rift.[2] Since the continent of Africa consists of crust from both the African and the Somali plates, some literature refers to the African Plate as the Nubian Plate to distinguish it from the continent as a whole.[3]

African Plate
TypeMajor
Approximate area61,300,000 km2 (23,700,000 sq mi)[1]
FeaturesAfrica, Atlantic Ocean, Mediterranean Sea, Red Sea

The Zagros Mountains of Iran and the Anatolian Plateau of Turkey mark where the African Plate collided with Eurasia.


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