African Union Mission to Somalia

The African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) is an active, regional peacekeeping mission operated by the African Union with the approval of the United Nations Security Council. It is mandated to support transitional governmental structures, implement a national security plan, train the Somali security forces, and to assist in creating a secure environment for the delivery of humanitarian aid.[1] As part of its duties, AMISOM also supports the Federal Government of Somalia's forces in their battle against Al-Shabaab militants.[2]

African Union Mission in Somalia
LeadersFrancisco Caetano Jose Madeira (Mission Head); Simon Mulongo (Deputy Head of Mission); Lt. Gen. Tigabu Yilma Wondlmhunean (Force Commander); AIGP Augustine Magnus Kailie(Police Commissioner).
Dates of operationFirst troops arrived March 2007 – present
(14 years, 6 months and 5 days)
Active regionsCentral and southern Somalia
SizeApprox. 20,626[citation needed]
Allies Federal government of Somalia
Ahlu Sunna Waljama'a (2007–18)
Raskamboni movement
ARS (2007–09)
Hizbul Islam (2009–14)
Battles and warsSomali Civil War
Preceded by

AMISOM was created by the African Union's Peace and Security Council on 19 January 2007 with an initial six-month mandate.[3] On 21 February 2007 the United Nations Security Council approved the mission's mandate.[4] Subsequent six-monthly renewals of AMISOM's mandate by the African Union Peace and Security Council have also been authorized by the United Nations Security Council.[5][6]

The duration of AMISOM's mandate has been extended in each period that it has been up for review, lastly in May 2019. The current mandate expires on 31 May 2020,[needs update] with a reduction of troop levels to a maximum of 19,626 by 28 February 2020.[7]