African longfin eel

The African longfin eel[3] (Anguilla mossambica), also known simply as the longfin eel, is an eel in the family Anguillidae.[4] It was described by Wilhelm Peters in 1852, originally under the genus Muraena.[5] It is a tropical eel known from freshwaters in southern Kenya, Cape Agulhas, Madagascar, and New Caledonia. The eels spend most of their lives in freshwaters far inland, but migrate to the Western Indian Ocean to breed. Males can reach a maximum total length of 150 centimetres; females can reach a maximum standard length of 120 centimetres and a maximum weight of 5,000 grams. The eels can live for about 20 years.[4] Juveniles and adults are known to feed off of carcasses, crabs, and bony fish.[6]

African longfin eel
Near Cape Town, South Africa
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Anguilliformes
Family: Anguillidae
Genus: Anguilla
Species:
A. mossambica
Binomial name
Anguilla mossambica
(Peters, 1852)
Synonyms[2]
  • Anguilla capensis Castelnau, 1861
  • Anguilla capensis Kaup, 1860
  • Anguilla delalandi Kaup, 1856
  • Anguilla delalandii Kaup, 1856
  • Muraena mossambica Peters, 1852
  • Tribranchus anguillaris Peters, 1846

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