Afrin River

The Afrin River (Arabic: نهر عفرين Nahr ʻIfrīn; (Kurdish: Rubara Efrin; northern Syrian vernacular: Nahər ʻAfrīn; Turkish: Afrin Çayı) is a tributary of the Orontes River in Turkey and Syria. It rises in the Kartal Mountains in Gaziantep Province, Turkey, flows south through the city of Afrin in Syria, then reenters Turkey. It joins the Karasu at the site of the former Lake Amik, and its waters flow to the Orontes by a canal.[1]

Afrin river south of Afrin, Syria

The total length of the river is 131 kilometres (81 mi), of which 54 kilometres (34 mi) is in Syria. About 250,000,000 cubic metres (8.8×109 cu ft) of the annual flow of the river comes from the Hatay Province of Turkey, while about 60,000,000 cubic metres (2.1×109 cu ft) originates in Syria. The river is impounded by the Afrin Dam to the north of the city of Afrin.[2]

The Afrin was known as Apre to the Assyrians,[3] Oinoparas in the Seleucid era, and as Ufrenus in the Roman era. Abu'l-Fida mentions it as Nahr Ifrîn.[4]


  1. Antakya Chamber of Commerce: Geographical location Archived 2010-10-08 at the Wayback Machine
  2. "7: Orontes River Basin" (PDF), Inventory of Shared Water Resources in Western Asia, Beirut: UN-ESCWA and BGR (United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia; Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe), 2013, retrieved 2017-03-22
  3. Google Books: Apre Afrin river. Accessed on 30 July 2016
  4. Guy Le Strange, Palestine Under the Moslems: A Description of Syria and the Holy Land from A. D. 650 To 1500 (1890), p. 60.