Agricultural Adjustment Act

The Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA) was a United States federal law of the New Deal era designed to boost agricultural prices by reducing surpluses. The government bought livestock for slaughter and paid farmers subsidies not to plant on part of their land. The money for these subsidies was generated through an exclusive tax on companies which processed farm products. The Act created a new agency, the Agricultural Adjustment Administration, also called "AAA" (1933-1942), an agency of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, to oversee the distribution of the subsidies.[2][3][4] The Agriculture Marketing Act, which established the Federal Farm Board in 1929, was seen as an important precursor to this act.[5][6] The AAA, along with other New Deal programs, represented the federal government's first substantial effort to address economic welfare in the United States.[7]

Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA)
Other short titles
  • Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1933
  • The Farm Relief Bill
Long titleAn Act to relieve the existing national economic emergency by increasing agricultural purchasing power, to raise revenue for extraordinary expenses incurred by reason of such emergency, to provide emergency relief with respect to agricultural indebtedness, to provide for the orderly liquidation of joint-stock land banks, and for other purposes.
Enacted bythe 73rd United States Congress
EffectiveMay 12, 1933
Public lawPub.L. 73–10
Statutes at Large48 Stat. 31
Titles amended7 U.S.C.: Agriculture
U.S.C. sections created7 U.S.C. ch. 26 § 601 et seq.
Legislative history
  • Introduced in the House as H.R. 3835
  • Passed the House on March 22, 1933 (315-98)
  • Passed the Senate on April 28, 1933 (64-20)
  • Reported by the joint conference committee on May 10, 1933; agreed to by the House on May 10, 1933 (passed) and by the Senate on May 10, 1933 (53-28)
  • Signed into law by President Franklin D. Roosevelt on May 12, 1933[1]
United States Supreme Court cases
United States v. Butler

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