Ahl al-Bayt

Ahl al-Bayt (Arabic: أَهْلُ ٱلْبَيْتِ, lit.'People of the House') primarily refers to the family of the Islamic prophet Muhammad,[lower-roman 1][1] and, to a lesser extent (according to Muslims), his ancestor and the Islamic prophet Ibrahim (Abraham).[lower-roman 2]

In Shia Islam, the Ahl al-Bayt are central to Islam and interpreters of the Quran. Shia Muslims believe that they consist of Muhammad; his daughter, Fatimah; his son-in-law, Ali; and their children, Hasan and Husayn, known collectively as the Ahl al-Kisa (People of the Cloak). Twelvers also emphasize the Twelve Imams as Muhammad's descendants; other Shi'ites sects emphasize other descendants, such as Zayd ibn Ali (in Zaidiyyah) and Isma'il ibn Ja'far (in Isma'ilism).

In Sunni Islam, Ahl al-Bayt refers to Muhammad; his wives, his daughters, Zainab, Ruqayya, Umm Kulthum and Fatimah; his cousin and son-in-law, Ali; and the two sons of Fatimah and Ali, Husayn and Hasan.[1] In certain traditions, the term may be extended to include the descendants of Muhammad's paternal uncles Abu Talib and al-'Abbas or, according to Malik ibn Anas and Abu Hanifa, the Banu Hashim.[1]