Al-Tabari [2] (/ˈtɑːbəri/; Persian: محمد بن جریر طبری, Arabic: أبو جعفر محمد بن جرير بن يزيد الطبري) (839–923 CE; 224–310 AH) was an influential scholar, historian and commentator on the Qur'an from Amol, Tabaristan (modern Mazandaran Province of Iran), who composed all his works in Arabic. Today, he is best known for his expertise in Qur'anic exegesis (tafsir) and Historiography, but he has been described as "an impressively prolific polymath. He wrote on such subjects as world history, poetry, lexicography, grammar, ethics, mathematics, and medicine."[3][4]

Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari
Born839 CE (224 AH)
Died923 CE (310 AH) (aged 84)
Baghdad, Abbasid Caliphate
EraMedieval era
RegionAbbasid Caliphate
JurisprudenceFounded the Jariri madh'hab
Notable work(s)Tafsir al-Tabari, History of the Prophets and Kings, Tahdhib al-Athar, Ikhtilaf al-Fuqaha' (Disagreement of the Jurists)
Muslim leader
Influenced by

His most influential and best known works are his Qur'anic commentary, known in Arabic as Tafsir al-Tabari, and his historical chronicle History of the Prophets and Kings (Tarikh al-Rusul wa al-Muluk), often referred to Tarikh al-Tabari.

Al-Tabari followed the Shafi'i madhhab for nearly a decade before he developed his own interpretation of Islamic jurisprudence. His understanding of fiqh was both sophisticated and remarkably fluid and, as such, he continued to develop his ideas and thoughts on juristic matters right to the end of his life.[5]

Al-Tabari's school of thought (madhhab) flourished among Sunni ulama for two centuries after his death, before it eventually became extinct.[6] It was usually designated by the name Jariri.