Albania–Kosovo relations


Albania–Kosovo relations (Albanian: Marrëdhëniet Shqiptaro-Kosovare) refer to the current, cultural and historical relations of Albania and Kosovo.[a] Albania has an embassy in Pristina and Kosovo has an embassy in Tirana. There are 1.6 million Albanians living in Kosovo - officially 92.93% of Kosovo's entire population - and Albanian is an official language of Kosovo.[1][2] Likewise, the peoples of the two countries share common traditions and folklore.

Albania–Kosovo

Albania

Kosovo
Diplomatic mission
Embassy of Albania, PristinaEmbassy of Kosovo, Tirana
Envoy
Ambassador Qemal MinxhoziAmbassador Nait Hasani

As a full member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO), Albania supports Kosovo in its NATO-integration path.[citation needed]

History


Early history

Modern

In 1992 Albania was the only country whose parliament voted to recognise the Republic of Kosova, which had been proclaimed independent in 1991. Official support was limited to the declaration. In 1994, when the Bosnian conflict escalated, Albania made a step back by recognising Yugoslavia's borders, which included Kosovo.[3]

Independence

Prime ministers Hashim Thaçi of Kosovo and Sali Berisha of Albania at the opening of Kalimash tunnel

When Kosovo declared its independence from Serbia on 17 February 2008, Albania became one of the first countries to officially announce its recognition of the sovereign Republic of Kosovo, which has been recognised by 98 out of 193 (51%) United Nations (UN) member states.

On 18 August 2009, Prime Minister Sali Berisha of Albania was quoted as saying, "There should be no customs administration between the two countries. We should by no means allow Albania and Kosovo to view each other as foreign countries". This comment outraged Serbia.[4]

The Albanian Foreign Ministry, in a clarification note to Serbia, said: "Albania considers the independent state of Kosova as a factor of peace and stability in the Balkan region, whereas its independence is considered as a clear step serving people, stability and European perspective of the region". It also said that the foreign policy of the Republic of Albania "is based on common objectives of Euro-Atlantic integration of the country, Republic of Kosova and entire region".[5]

2019 Albania earthquake

On 26 November 2019, an earthquake struck Albania. €500,000 were sent by the government of Kosovo and over €3,500,000 were sent by the Kosovar population. 110 specialised operators of the Kosovo Police were dispatched, as were 40 members of the Kosovo Security Force's Urban Search and Rescue Units.[6] President Hashim Thaçi was part of a presidential delegation that visited the earthquake epicentre and expressed his condolences on behalf of Kosovo.[7] On Friday, outgoing Kosovo Prime Minister Ramush Haradinaj and his possible successor Albin Kurti visited Durrës to survey the damage and expressed Kosovan commitment to relief efforts and the need for institutional cooperation between both countries.[8][9] Displaced people have been relocated to Kosovo with 500 residing in a camp in Prizren established by the Kosovo government.[10][11]

The Kosovo Albanian population reacted with sentiments of solidarity through fundraising initiatives and money, food, clothing and shelter donations.[12] Volunteers and humanitarian aid in trucks, buses and hundreds of cars from Kosovo traveled to Albania to assist in the situation and people were involved in tasks such as the operation of mobile kitchens and gathering financial aid.[12][8][10] Many Albanians in Kosovo have opened their homes to people displaced by the earthquake.[13][8][10]

Relations


Cultural

In October 2011, an agreement was reached between the Ministry of Culture of Kosovo and that of Albania on the common use of embassies and consular services,[14] and in May 2012, a common primer for the 2012–13 academic year of first class students was approved by both governments.[15]

Economic

The Albanian Konfindustria threw first the idea of an Albanian regional market in 2008,[16] and the idea about a common economic space between Albania and Kosovo was discussed by Kosovo government officials in 2011.[17]

They were reinforced especially by Behgjet Pacolli in some of his speeches in Albania: he claimed that the economic union would increase competition towards the EU.[18] Pacolli's ideas were endorsed by the Party for Justice, Integration and Unity.[19]

See also


Notes


a.   ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008. Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the 2013 Brussels Agreement. Kosovo is currently (this note self-updates) recognized as an independent state by 98 out of the 193 United Nations member states. In total, 113 UN member states recognized Kosovo at some point, of which 15 later withdrew their recognition.

References


  1. "- New Kosova Report - Birthate picks up again in Kosovo - Society". Archived from the original on 2008-11-19. Retrieved 2008-08-27.
  2. Constitution of Kosovo, Article 5
  3. Florian Bieber; Židas Daskalovski (1 April 2003). Understanding the War in Kosovo. Taylor & Francis. p. 83. ISBN 978-0-7146-8327-0. Retrieved 19 May 2012.
  4. Serbia formally protests Berisha's statement
  5. Tanjug (22 August 2009). "Albanian FM answers Serbia's protest note". emportal.rs. Archived from the original on 25 August 2009.
  6. Robinson, Jack (26 November 2019). "Kosovars support rescue efforts in Albania". Prishtinainsight. Retrieved 30 November 2019.
  7. Mortimer, Caroline (28 November 2019). "Kosovan president caught up in aftershock when visiting Albanian earthquake victims". Euronews. Retrieved 29 November 2019.
  8. Kostreci, Keida (30 November 2019). "Albania Search, Rescue Operation For Earthquake Survivors Ends". Voice of America (VOA). Retrieved 30 November 2019.
  9. "Haradinaj e Kurti e vizitojnë Shqipërinë pas tërmetit" (in Albanian). RTV 21. 29 November 2019. Retrieved 2 December 2019.
  10. Kostreci, Keida (2 December 2019). "Albania Seeks International Support for Earthquake Recovery". Voice of America (VOA). Retrieved 1 December 2019.
  11. "EU Leads International Help to Albania Quake Recovery". Voice of America (VOA). 2 December 2019. Retrieved 2 December 2019.
  12. Krasniqi, Jeta (28 November 2019). "Kosovo's Heart Bleeds for Albania's Suffering". Balkaninsight. Retrieved 29 November 2019.
  13. "Shqiptarët solidarizohen me tërmetin, ja sa është shuma e grumbulluar deri më tani" (in Albanian). Insajderi. 28 November 2019. Retrieved 30 November 2019.
  14. Albania-Kosovo agreement rekindles old suspicions
  15. Capital.bg. "Kapital Quarterly". Retrieved 17 January 2017.
  16. "Konfindustria". Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 17 January 2017.
  17. "Kosovo, Albania may form "economic union"". Archived from the original on 2011-09-09. Retrieved 2012-05-19.
  18. "Pacolli: Bashkim ekonomik Kosovë-Shqipëri". Archived from the original on 2012-04-25. Retrieved 2012-05-19.
  19. "PDIU fton për bashkim ekonomik Shqipëri-Kosovë". 8 August 2011. Retrieved 17 January 2017.