Albany (New Zealand electorate)

Albany was a New Zealand electorate. It was located in north Auckland, and named after the suburb of Albany. It existed from 1978 to 1984, and then was reinstated in 1987 before its final abolition in 2002.

Population centres

The 1977 electoral redistribution was the most overtly political since the Representation Commission had been established through an amendment to the Representation Act in 1886, initiated by Muldoon's National Government.[1] As part of the 1976 census, a large number of people failed to fill out an electoral re-registration card, and census staff had not been given the authority to insist on the card being completed. This had little practical effect for people on the general roll, but it transferred Māori to the general roll if the card was not handed in. Together with a northward shift of New Zealand's population, this resulted in five new electorates having to be created in the upper part of the North Island.[2] The electoral redistribution was very disruptive, and 22 electorates were abolished, while 27 electorates were newly created (including Albany) or re-established. These changes came into effect for the 1978 election.[3]

The Albany electorate was centred on Albany, which had previously been part of Waitemata electorate.[4] Its territory extended southwards to include Greenhithe and Paremoremo (also formerly part of Waitemata), plus a large portion of Glenfield (formerly split between Waitemata and East Coast Bays). It extended northwards to include Okura, Orewa, and Stanmore Bay (which were formerly part of Rodney electorate).[4] For the 1984 election, however, the electorate was abolished. Glenfield and Greenhithe were split off to form the Glenfield electorate, and most of the remainder (including Albany itself) was absorbed into Rodney electorate.[5]

The 1987 electoral redistribution took the continued population growth in the North Island into account, and two additional general electorates were created, bringing the total number of electorates to 97. In the South Island, the shift of population to Christchurch had continued.[6] Overall, three electorates were newly created, three electorates were recreated (including Albany), and four electorates were abolished. All of those electorates were in the North Island. Changes in the South Island were restricted to boundary changes.[7] These changes came into effect with the 1987 election.[8] The Albany electorate was based around the portion of the former Albany which had been merged into Rodney, plus Greenhithe (which had become part of Glenfield). Glenfield itself remained its own electorate. The new Albany also included Hobsonville and Whenuapai, taken from West Auckland, and stretched as far north as Orewa.[9] For the 1990 election, the electorate expanded to the west slightly, towards Kumeu, but this was effectively reversed at the 1993 election. When the transition to MMP prompted a major redistribution at the 1996 election, most of the Glenfield seat was merged into Albany, almost bringing the seat back to its original shape in 1978. It lost some ground to the west at the 1999 election. For the 2002 election, the seat was abolished once again its western territories, including Greenhithe and Albany itself, became part of the new Helensville electorate, while the remainder was established as the new East Coast Bays electorate.

History

Don McKinnon of the National Party was the first representative of the electorate. He served for two terms from 1978, and successfully contested Rodney in 1984 election.[10]

Members of Parliament

Key

  National  

Election Winner
1978 election Don McKinnon
1981 election
(Electorate abolished 1984–1987; see Glenfield and Rodney)
1987 election Don McKinnon
1990 election
1993 election
1996 election Murray McCully
1999 election
(Electorate abolished in 2002; see Helensville and East Coast Bays)

Election results

1999 election

1999 general election: Albany[11][12]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Y or N denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
National Y Murray McCully 13,701 40.18 -9.48 13,583 39.41
Labour Hamish McCracken 8,753 25.67 +15.10 10,271 29.80
Alliance Heather McConachy 3,775 11.07 -1.94 1,967 5.71
ACT Mike Steeneveld 2,414 7.08 +1.96 4,232 12.28
Green Bera MacClement 1,585 4.65 1,529 4.44
Independent Callum Blair 1,548 4.54
Christian Democrats Rob Wheeler 869 2.55 556 1.61
NZ First Joy Brett 751 2.20 -14.67 1,033 2.97
Christian Heritage Tony Corbett 665 1.95 575 1.67
NMP Darag Rennie 41 0.12 19 0.06
Legalise Cannabis   243 0.71
United NZ   233 0.68
Libertarianz   69 0.20
Animals First   53 0.15
McGillicuddy Serious   45 0.13
Natural Law   19 0.06
One NZ   18 0.05
Freedom Movement 5 0.01
Mana Māori Movement   5 0.01
People's Choice Party 3 0.01
Republican   3 0.01
South Island   3 0.01
Mauri Pacific   1 0.00
Informal votes 512 149
Total Valid votes 34,102 34,465
National hold Majority 4,948 14.51 -18.28

1996 election

1996 general election: Albany[13][14][15]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Y or N denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
National Y Murray McCully 17,639 49.67 +11.92 15,812 44.31
NZ First Terry Heffernan 5,992 16.87 3,536 9.91
Alliance Heather McConachy 4,621 13.01 2,288 6.41
Labour Colin Hutchinson 3,753 10.57 7,221 20.24
ACT Marilyn Thomas 1,820 5.12 3,910 10.96
Christian Coalition Judith Phillips 942 2.65 1,603 4.49
Progressive Green Miles Allen 389 1.10 121 0.34
McGillicuddy Serious Tina Nevin 283 0.80 88 0.25
Natural Law Tom Hopwood 82 0.23 50 0.14
Legalise Cannabis   507 1.42
United NZ   303 0.85
Ethnic Minority Party 69 0.19
Animals First   61 0.17
Advance New Zealand 55 0.15
Superannuitants & Youth 18 0.05
Green Society 16 0.04
Libertarianz   15 0.04
Conservatives 7 0.02
Asia Pacific United 4 0.01
Mana Māori Movement   1 0.00
Te Tawharau 0 0.00
Informal votes 238 74
Total Valid votes 35,521 35,685
National hold Majority 11,647 32.79

1993 election

1993 general election: Albany[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
National Don McKinnon 8,166 37.75 -15.47
Alliance Jill Jeffs 4,515 20.87
NZ First Toni McRae 4,300 19.88
Labour June Allen 3,848 17.79 -4.25
Christian Heritage Dirk Hoek 413 1.91
Independent Sue Power 206 0.95
McGillicuddy Serious Pam Chiles 184 0.85 +0.43
Majority 3,651 16.88 -14.29
Informal votes 617 2.77
Turnout 22,249 87.26
Registered electors 25,497

1990 election

1990 general election: Albany[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
National Don McKinnon 12,726 53.22 +2.14
Labour June Allen 5,271 22.04
Green Ray Galvin 4,189 17.51
NewLabour Bob Van Ruyssevelt 884 3.69
Democrats Alan Morton McCullogh 395 1.65
Social Credit Alfred Jamieson 185 0.77
Independent Glenn Corbin 160 0.66
McGillicuddy Serious Pam Chiles 101 0.42
Majority 7,455 31.17 +23.33
Turnout 23,911

1987 election

1987 general election: Albany[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
National Don McKinnon 10,799 51.08
Labour Chris Carter 9,141 43.23
Democrats George Thew 896 4.23
Independent B R H Smith 154 0.72
NZ Party R E Cummings 151 0.71
Majority 1,658 7.84
Turnout 21,141 87.79
Registered electors 24,081

1981 election

1981 general election: Albany[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
National Don McKinnon 9,966 40.60 -0.38
Labour Bryan Mockridge 8,002 32.60
Social Credit George Thew 6,573 26.78 +7.28
Majority 1,964 8.00 +2.48
Turnout 24,541 89.99 +18.02
Registered electors 27,268

1978 election

1978 general election: Albany[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
National Don McKinnon 8,597 40.98
Labour David Rankin 7,438 35.45
Social Credit George Thew 4,091 19.50
Values A M R Dean 543 2.58
Independent National C P Belton 307 1.46
Majority 1,159 5.52
Turnout 20,976 71.92
Registered electors 29,165

Notes

  1. McRobie 1989, pp. 8–9, 51, 119.
  2. McRobie 1989, p. 119.
  3. McRobie 1989, pp. 115–120.
  4. McRobie 1989, pp. 115, 119.
  5. McRobie 1989, pp. 119, 123.
  6. McRobie 1989, pp. 127f.
  7. McRobie 1989, pp. 123–128.
  8. McRobie 1989, p. 127.
  9. McRobie 1989, pp. 123, 127.
  10. Wilson 1985, p. 216.
  11. "Official Count Results (1999) – Electoral Votes for registered parties by electorate". NZ Electoral Commission. Archived from the original on 14 January 2015. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  12. "Official Count Results (1999) – Candidate Vote Details". NZ Electoral Commission. Archived from the original on 14 January 2015. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  13. "Electorate Candidate and Party Votes Recorded at Each Polling Place - Albany" (PDF). Retrieved 24 December 2011.[permanent dead link]
  14. "Part III - Party Lists of Successful Registered Parties" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 February 2013. Retrieved 14 June 2013.
  15. "Part III - Party Lists of unsuccessful Registered Parties" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 February 2013. Retrieved 14 June 2013.
  16. Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1993. pp. 5, 161.
  17. Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1990.
  18. Norton 1988, p. 189.

References

  • McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8.
  • Norton, Clifford (1988). New Zealand Parliamentary Election Results 1946–1987: Occasional Publications No 1, Department of Political Science. Wellington: Victoria University of Wellington. ISBN 0-475-11200-8.
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First ed. published 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.

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