Alberta Act

The Alberta Act (French: Acte de l'Alberta), effective 1 September 1905, was the act of the Parliament of Canada that created the province of Alberta. The Act is similar in nature to the Saskatchewan Act, which established the province of Saskatchewan at the same time. Like the Saskatchewan Act, the Alberta Act was controversial because (sec. 21) it allowed the Government of Canada to maintain control of all of Alberta's natural resources and public lands. Alberta did not win control of these resources until the passage of the Natural Resources Acts in 1930.

Alberta Act
Parliament of Canada
Citation4 & 5 Edward VII, c. 3
Enacted byParliament of Canada
Assented toJuly 20, 1905
CommencedSeptember 1, 1905[1]

The Alberta Act defined the boundaries for the electoral districts of the first Alberta general election in 1905.

The Alberta Act is part of the Constitution of Canada.


  1. Tattrie, Jon. "Alberta and Confederation". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Historica Canada. Retrieved 26 May 2020.