Alcohol and cancer

Alcoholic beverages are classified by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) as a Group 1 carcinogen (carcinogenic to humans). IARC classifies alcoholic beverage consumption as a cause of female breast, colorectal, larynx, liver, esophagus, oral cavity, and pharynx cancers; and as a probable cause of pancreatic cancer.[2]

Total recorded alcohol per capita consumption (15+), in litres of pure alcohol.[1]

3.6% of all cancer cases and 3.5% of cancer deaths worldwide are attributable to consumption of alcohol (specifically, ethanol).[3][needs update]

Even light and moderate alcohol consumption increases cancer risk in individuals.[4][5]

Some nations have introduced alcohol packaging warning messages that inform consumers about alcohol and cancer.[6]

The alcohol industry has tried to actively mislead the public about the risk of cancer due to alcohol consumption,[7] in addition to campaigning to remove laws that require alcoholic beverages to have cancer warning labels.[8]

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