Aldous Huxley

Aldous Leonard Huxley (26 July 1894 – 22 November 1963) was an English writer and philosopher.[1][2][3][4] He wrote nearly 50 books,[5][6] both novels and non-fiction works, as well as wide-ranging essays, narratives, and poems.

Aldous Huxley
Huxley in 1954
Born
Aldous Leonard Huxley

26 July 1894 (1894-07-26)
Godalming, Surrey, England
Died22 November 1963 (1963-11-23) (aged 69)
Resting placeCompton, Surrey, England
EducationEton College
Alma materBalliol College, Oxford
Occupation
  • Writer
  • philosopher
Notable work
Spouses
  • Maria Nys
    (m. 1919; died 1955)
  • (m. 1956)
ChildrenMatthew Huxley
RelativesLeonard Huxley (father)
Julia Arnold (mother)
Julian Huxley (brother)
Peter Eckersley (cousin)
Era20th-century philosophy
RegionWestern philosophy
SchoolPerennialism
Main interests
Signature

Born into the prominent Huxley family, he graduated from Balliol College, Oxford, with an undergraduate degree in English literature. Early in his career, he published short stories and poetry and edited the literary magazine Oxford Poetry, before going on to publish travel writing, satire, and screenplays. He spent the latter part of his life in the United States, living in Los Angeles from 1937 until his death.[7] By the end of his life, Huxley was widely acknowledged as one of the foremost intellectuals of his time.[8] He was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature nine times,[9] and was elected Companion of Literature by the Royal Society of Literature in 1962.[10]

Huxley was a pacifist.[11] He grew interested in philosophical mysticism,[11][12][13] as well as universalism,[11][14] addressing these subjects with works such as The Perennial Philosophy (1945), which illustrates commonalities between Western and Eastern mysticism, and The Doors of Perception (1954), which interprets his own psychedelic experience with mescaline. In his most famous novel Brave New World (1932) and his final novel Island (1962), he presented his vision of dystopia and utopia, respectively.


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