Alexander III of Russia

Alexander III (Russian: Александр III Александрович, tr. Aleksandr III Aleksandrovich; 10 March 1845  1 November 1894)[1] was Emperor of Russia, King of Congress Poland and Grand Duke of Finland from 13 March 1881 until his death in 1894.[2] He was highly reactionary and reversed some of the liberal reforms of his father, Alexander II. Under the influence of Konstantin Pobedonostsev (1827–1907), he opposed any reform that limited his autocratic rule. During his reign, Russia fought no major wars; he was therefore styled "The Peacemaker" (Russian: Миротворец, tr. Mirotvorets, IPA: [mʲɪrɐˈtvorʲɪt͡s]).

Alexander III
Portrait by Sergey Lvovich Levitsky, c.1890
Emperor of Russia
Reign13 March 1881  1 November 1894
Coronation27 May 1883
PredecessorAlexander II
SuccessorNicholas II
Born(1845-03-10)10 March 1845
Winter Palace, Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire
Died1 November 1894(1894-11-01) (aged 49)
Maley Palace, Livadia, Taurida Governorate, Russian Empire
Burial18 November 1894
Peter and Paul Cathedral, Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire
Spouse
Issue
Detail
Names
Alexander Alexandrovich Romanov
HouseHolstein-Gottorp-Romanov
FatherAlexander II of Russia
MotherMaria Alexandrovna (Marie of Hesse)
ReligionRussian Orthodox
Signature