Alexander Kerensky

Alexander Fyodorovich Kerensky (/ˈkɛrənski, kəˈrɛnski/ KERR-ən-skee, kə-REN-skee; Russian: Алекса́ндр Фёдорович Ке́ренский, IPA: [ɐlʲɪkˈsandr ˈkʲerʲɪnskʲɪj]; original spelling: Александръ Ѳедоровичъ Керенскій; 4 May [O.S. 22 April] 1881 – 11 June 1970) was a Russian lawyer and revolutionary who was a key political figure in the Russian Revolution of 1917. After the February Revolution of 1917, he joined the newly formed Russian Provisional Government, first as Minister of Justice, then as Minister of War, and after July as the government's second Minister-Chairman. A leader of the moderate-socialist Trudovik faction of the Socialist Revolutionary Party, he was also a vice-chairman of the powerful Petrograd Soviet. On 7 November, his government was overthrown by the Lenin-led Bolsheviks in the October Revolution. He spent the remainder of his life in exile, in Paris and New York City, and worked for the Hoover Institution.

Alexander Kerensky
Алекса́ндр Ке́ренский
Kerensky in 1917
Minister-President of the Russian Republic
In office
14 September 1917  7 November 1917
[1 September – 25 October 1917 Old Style]
Preceded byGeorgy Lvov
Succeeded byOffice abolished[lower-alpha 1]
Minister-Chairman of the Russian Provisional Government
In office
21 July 1917  14 September 1917
[8 July – 1 September 1917 Old Style]
Preceded byGeorgy Lvov
Succeeded byHimself[lower-alpha 2]
Minister of War and Navy
In office
18 May 1917  14 September 1917
[5 May – 1 September 1917 Old Style]
Minister-ChairmanGeorgy Lvov
Preceded byAlexander Guchkov
Succeeded byAleksander Verkhovsky
(Minister of War)
Dmitry Verderevsky
(Minister of Navy)
Minister of Justice
In office
16 March 1917  1 May 1917
[3 March – 18 April 1917 Old Style]
Minister-ChairmanGeorgy Lvov
Preceded byPosition established[lower-alpha 3]
Succeeded byPavel Pereverzev
Personal details
Alexander Fyodorovich Kerensky

4 May 1881
Simbirsk, Simbirsk Governorate, Russian Empire
Died11 June 1970 (aged 89)
New York City, New York, United States
Resting placePutney Vale Cemetery, London, England
Political partySocialist Revolutionary (Trudovik Parliamentary breakaway group)
Alma materSaint Petersburg State University