Alexander Pushkin

Alexander Sergeyevich Pushkin (English: /ˈpʊʃkɪn/;[1] Russian: Александр Сергеевич Пушкин[note 1], tr. Aleksandr Sergeyevich Pushkin, IPA: [ɐlʲɪkˈsandr sʲɪrˈɡʲe(j)ɪvʲɪtɕ ˈpuʂkʲɪn] (listen); 6 June [O.S. 26 May] 1799  10 February [O.S. 29 January] 1837) was a Russian poet, playwright, and novelist of the Romantic era.[2] He is considered by many to be the greatest Russian poet,[3][4][5][6] and the founder of modern Russian literature.[7][8]

Alexander Pushkin
Alexander Pushkin by Orest Kiprensky, 1827
Native name
Александръ Сергѣевичъ Пушкинъ
BornAleksandr Sergeyevich Pushkin
(1799-05-26)26 May 1799
Moscow, Russian Empire
Died29 January 1837(1837-01-29) (aged 37)
Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire
OccupationPoet, novelist, playwright
LanguageRussian, French
Alma materTsarskoye Selo Lyceum
PeriodGolden Age of Russian Poetry
GenreNovel, novel in verse, poem, drama, short story, fairytale
Literary movementRomanticism
Realism
Notable worksEugene Onegin, The Captain's Daughter, Boris Godunov, Ruslan and Ludmila
Spouse
(m. 1831)
ChildrenMaria Pushkina
Alexander Pushkin
Grigory Pushkin
Natalia Pushkina
ParentsSergei Lvovich Pushkin
Nadezhda Ossipovna Gannibal
Signature

Pushkin was born into Russian nobility in Moscow.[9] His father, Sergey Lvovich Pushkin, belonged to Pushkin noble families. His maternal great-grandfather was Central-African-born general Abram Petrovich Gannibal. He published his first poem at the age of 15, and was widely recognized by the literary establishment by the time of his graduation from the Tsarskoye Selo Lyceum. Upon graduation from the Lycée, Pushkin recited his controversial poem "Ode to Liberty", one of several that led to his exile by Tsar Alexander I of Russia. While under the strict surveillance of the Tsar's political police and unable to publish, Pushkin wrote his most famous play, the drama Boris Godunov. His novel in verse, Eugene Onegin, was serialized between 1825 and 1832.

Pushkin was fatally wounded in a duel with his wife's alleged lover and brother-in-law Georges-Charles de Heeckeren d'Anthès, also known as Dantes-Gekkern, a French officer serving with the Chevalier Guard Regiment.