Alexandra Feodorovna (Alix of Hesse)
Alexandra Feodorovna (6 June [O.S. 25 May] 1872 – 17 July 1918) was the empress consort of Emperor Nicholas II of Russia from their marriage on 26 November [O.S. 14 November] 1894 until his forced abdication on 15 March [O.S. 2 March] 1917. Originally Princess Alix of Hesse and by Rhine at birth, she was given the name and patronymic Alexandra Feodorovna when she converted and was received into the Russian Orthodox Church. She and her immediate family were all killed while in Bolshevik captivity in 1918, during the Russian Revolution. In 2000 the Russian Orthodox Church canonized her as Saint Alexandra the Passion Bearer.
|Empress consort of Russia|
|Tenure||26 November 1894 – 15 March 1917|
|Coronation||26 May 1896|
|Predecessor||Maria Feodorovna (Dagmar of Denmark)|
|Born||Princess Alix of Hesse and by Rhine|
6 June [O.S. 25 May] 1872
New Palace, Darmstadt, Grand Duchy of Hesse, German Empire
|Died||17 July 1918 46) (aged|
Ipatiev House, Yekaterinburg, Russian SFSR
|Burial||17 July 1998|
|Father||Louis IV, Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine|
|Mother||Princess Alice of the United Kingdom|
|Religion||Russian Orthodox |
A favourite granddaughter of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom, Alexandra was, like her grandmother, one of the most famous royal carriers of the disease of haemophilia. She bore a hemophiliac heir, Alexei Nikolaevich, Tsarevich of Russia. Her reputation for encouraging her husband's resistance to the surrender of autocratic authority and her known faith in the Russian mystic Grigori Rasputin severely damaged her popularity and that of the Romanov monarchy in its final years.