Alfred Wegener

Alfred Lothar Wegener (/ˈvɡənər/;[1] German: [ˈʔalfʁeːt ˈveːɡənɐ];[2][3]) (1 November 1880 – November 1930) was a German climatologist, geologist, geophysicist, meteorologist, and polar researcher.

Alfred Wegener
Wegener, c. 1924–1930
Born
Alfred Lothar Wegener

(1880-11-01)1 November 1880
DiedNovember 1930 (aged 50)
NationalityGerman
CitizenshipGerman
Alma materUniversity of Berlin (Ph.D.)
Known forContinental drift theory
Scientific career
FieldsClimatology, geology, geophysics, meteorology
Doctoral advisorJulius Bauschinger
InfluencedJohannes Letzmann
Signature

During his lifetime he was primarily known for his achievements in meteorology and as a pioneer of polar research, but today he is most remembered as the originator of continental drift hypothesis by suggesting in 1912 that the continents are slowly drifting around the Earth (German: Kontinentalverschiebung). His hypothesis was controversial and widely rejected by mainstream geology until the 1950s, when numerous discoveries such as palaeomagnetism provided strong support for continental drift, and thereby a substantial basis for today's model of plate tectonics.[4][5] Wegener was involved in several expeditions to Greenland to study polar air circulation before the existence of the jet stream was accepted. Expedition participants made many meteorological observations and were the first to overwinter on the inland Greenland ice sheet and the first to bore ice cores on a moving Arctic glacier.


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