All-Ukrainian Union "Fatherland"

The All-Ukrainian Union "Fatherland" (Ukrainian: Всеукраїнське об'єднання "Батьківщина", romanized: Vseukrayins'ke obyednannia "Bat'kivshchyna"), often referred to as Batkivshchyna (Ukrainian: [ˌbɑtʲkʲiu̯ˈʃtʃɪnɐ] (listen)), is a political party in Ukraine led by People's Deputy of Ukraine, Former Ukrainian Prime Minister Yulia Tymoshenko.[1] As the core party of the former Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc, Batkivshchyna has been represented in the Verkhovna Rada (Ukraine's parliament) since Yulia Tymoshenko set up the parliamentary faction of the same name in March 1999.[18][19][20] After the November 2011 banning of the participation of blocs of political parties in parliamentary elections,[21] Batkivshchyna became a major force in Ukrainian politics independently.[22]

All-Ukrainian Union "Fatherland"
Всеукраїнське об'єднання "Батьківщина"
LeaderYulia Tymoshenko[1][2]
Founded9 July 1999 (1999-07-09)[3]
Youth wingYoung Batkivshchyna[4]
Membership (2020)+10,000[nb 1]
Civic nationalism[7]
Political positionCentre[10] to centre-right[9][11]
European affiliationEuropean People's Party (observer)[13][14]
International affiliationInternational Democrat Union[15]
Colours  Crimson
SloganWe Have the Power to Change Everything[16]
Verkhovna Rada
25 / 450
4,470 / 43,122

In the 2012 Ukrainian parliamentary election, Batkivshchyna took part under the banner "United opposition Batkivshchyna" and other parties allied with Batkivshchyna. The party list was headed by the leader of the "Front of Changes" Arseniy Yatsenyuk. The list won 62 seats and 25.55 percent of the vote under the (nationwide) proportional party-list system (down from 30.71 percent in 2007 for the Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc),[23] and another 39 in constituencies, thus a total of 101 seats.[24] On 15 June 2013 the parties "Front of Changes" and "Reforms and Order" finally merged with the All-Ukrainian Union Batkivshchyna by self-liquidation. By 31 December 2013 the parliamentary faction Batkivshchyna had 90 deputies.[25][22][26][27][28]

From August 5, 2011, to February 22, 2014, she was a political prisoner of the Yanukovych regime and has been rehabilitated by the Supreme Court of Ukraine and the European Court of Human Rights. In the concluding days of the 2014 Ukrainian revolution, she was released after three years in jail.[29][30][31][32] Tymoshenko started reforming the party and Batkivshchyna went into the parliamentary elections of 2014 with new members, the top five of the list included: Nadiya Savchenko, Yulia Tymoshenko, Ihor Lutsenko, Serhiy Sobolev, and Alyona Shkrum. Based on the election results, the party received 19 seats in the Ukrainian parliament: 17 according to party lists and two through the majority system.[33] Until 17 February 2016, the party was a member of the Second Yatsenyuk Government, but it later moved into opposition.[34]

In the snap parliamentary election of 2019 Batkivschyna received 8.18% of the votes and 26 MPs (two elected in constituencies).[35] After a brief support of the Honcharuk Government, the party went into opposition.[36][37] According to the results of the local elections in 2020, the "Fatherland" party received 12.39 % votes of voters, and became one of the leading parties in the local elections in Ukraine.[38] The "Fatherland" party is in favor of Ukraine's integration into the EU and joining NATO.[39]