All Under One Banner

All Under One Banner (AUOB) is a Scottish independence pressure group created on the 12 October 2014 with the objective of staging public processions for independence at regular intervals. Neil Mackay, AUOB founder, argued that a strategy of marches for independence across Scotland was needed to attract more attention to the independence movement after the 2014 Scottish independence referendum that saw a majority vote to remain in the United Kingdom.[1]

All Under One Banner
Founded12 October 2014
TypeLobby group
FocusScottish independence
Area served


In the aftermath of the 2016 EU membership referendum (which saw the majority of voters in the UK as a whole vote to leave the European Union whilst most in Scotland voted to remain), large numbers of people took part in an event on 30 July 2016 at the 6th AUOB March.[2] The following 3 June 2017 saw 25,000 demonstrators. After 2017 there was not another All Under One Banner march until the 5 May 2018, again at Glasgow, with a police estimate of 35,000 protesters.[3] Following this demo AUOB embarked on a national tour: 2 June at Dumfries (around 1.100 attended);[4] 23 June in Bannockburn (8,000)[5]); 28 July in Inverness (5,000–7,500 according to the police, 14,000 according to the organisers[6]); 18 August Dundee (16,000)[7] with the final march of 2018 taking place in Edinburgh on the 6 October where an estimated 100,000 marched in protest against the outcome of the 2014 vote.[8][9]

The largest march in Scotland was held on 4 May 2019 in Glasgow, attracting up to 90,000 protesters according to some estimates. Police Scotland estimated the attendance at the rally following the march to be 35,000 protestors.[10][11][12][13] On 6 May, AOUB activist Manny Singh was arrested and charged with failing to follow the timing restrictions for the event.[14][15]


In July 2019, AUOB co-founder, Neil Mackay stepped down after claims of misappropriated bucket cash donations were made by a fellow co-founder Manny Singh (who was also suspended at the time as Operations Director). Mackay resigned later in the month.[16][17]

In July 2019, co-founder, Manny Singh was sacked as Operations Director by the National Executive of All Under One Banner, due to an alleged breach of Section 65 of the Civic Government (Scotland) Act 1982 for not sticking to the original route for a protest march and timing of the march despite Glasgow City Council’s licensing committee ordering changes. Manny described the ruling by the National Executive as a Kangaroo Court.[18] In August 2020, he described the movement was being damaged by anti-English racists who 'joked about colour of his skin'. A spokesperson for AUOB said “All Under One Banner acts in support of Scotland becoming an independent country and does so without any prejudice, be that in respect of race, religion, gender, age, sexual orientation, disability, nationality or ethnicity. The allegations are untrue.”[19][20]

In October 2020, AUOB were criticised for planning to hold a march in Dundee during the COVID-19 pandemic by First Minister of Scotland Nicola Sturgeon and Dundee City Council leader John Alexander. The rally was eventually called off.[21][22]

AUOB Cymru

AUOB Cymru is a Welsh independence organisation, inspired by AUOB in Scotland. Their first march was held in Cardiff on 11 May 2019, attracting thousands of participants.[23][24][25]


  1. Ferguson, John (28 July 2019). "Indy group founder accused of diverting bucket donations into mum's bank account". Daily Record. Retrieved 13 June 2020.
  2. "Thousands march through Glasgow in support of Scottish independence". The Sunday Post. DC Thomson. 30 July 2016.
  3. Slawson, Nicola (5 May 2018). "Thousands of Scottish independence supporters march through Glasgow". The Guardian. Retrieved 5 May 2019.
  4. "Yes movement basks in sunshine as estimated 1.100: attend the All Under One Banner march in Dumfries". The National. Retrieved 5 May 2019.
  5. "Scottish independence supporters march to Bannockburn". The Guardian. 23 June 2018. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
  6. "Inverness independence march attracts thousands of participants". Press & Journal. 30 July 2018. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
  7. "Thousands gather for Dundee All Under One Banner march". Retrieved 5 May 2019.
  8. "All Under One Banner Edinburgh rally: 20,000 take part in pro-independence march". Retrieved 5 May 2019.
  9. "Thousands march through Edinburgh to back Scottish independence". Reuters. 6 October 2018. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
  10. "Glasgow attracts huge turnout of Yes supporters for pro-independence march". The National. Retrieved 5 May 2019.
  11. "Tens of thousands march for independence". BBC News. BBC. 5 May 2018. Retrieved 5 May 2019.
  12. "Thousands take part in independence march". BBC News. BBC. 4 May 2019. Retrieved 5 May 2019.
  13. Boothman, John (6 May 2018). "All under One Banner march in Glasgow piles on pressure for second Scottish independence referendum". The Sunday Times. Retrieved 5 May 2019.
  14. McCall, Chris (6 May 2019). "All Under One Banner organiser charged over Glasgow independence march". The Scotsman. Retrieved 8 May 2019.
  15. "Scottish independence march organiser charged over late start". Guardian. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
  23. "'Tide is turning' in Welsh indy movement as AUOB holds first march". The National. Retrieved 11 May 2019.
  24. "Huge crowds join Welsh independence rally". BBC News. 11 May 2019. Retrieved 11 May 2019.
  25. Busby, Mattha (11 May 2019). "Thousands march in Cardiff calling for Welsh independence". The Guardian. Retrieved 11 May 2019.