Alliance of Liberals and Democrats (Romania)


The Alliance of Liberals and Democrats (Romanian: Alianța Liberalilor și Democraților, ALDE) is a liberal[1] political party in Romania. In 2020, it merged into PRO Romania rebranding itself thus into PRO Romania Social Liberal (Romanian: PRO România Social-Liberal). In early 2021, ALDE seceded from PRO Romania, as of the cause of poor electoral results from the local and legislative elections held during the previous year.

Alliance of Liberals and Democrats

Alianța Liberalilor și Democraților
PresidentDaniel Olteanu
Executive PresidentsCristian Dima
FounderCălin Popescu-Tăriceanu
Founded19 June 2015
Merger ofLiberal Reformist Party (PLR) and Conservative Party (PC)
Ideology
Political positionCentre[4][5] to centre-right[6][7][8]
Regional affiliationLiberal South East European Network
European affiliationAlliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party (2015–2019)
International affiliationLiberal International (Observer)
Colours  Blue
  Gold
Senate
0 / 136
Chamber of Deputies
0 / 330
European Parliament
0 / 33
Mayors
15 / 3,176
County Councilors
15 / 1,340
Local Council Councilors
861 / 39,900
Website
alde.ro

History


The party was founded on 19 June 2015 following a merger of the Liberal Reformist Party (PLR) and Conservative Party (PC).[9][10] On 19 November 2015 the party was admitted into the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe.[11] In the 2016 legislative election on 11 December 2016, ALDE received 5.6% of the vote and 20 seats in the Chamber of Deputies, and 6.0% of the vote and 6 seats in the Senate.

On 19 December 2016, party co-presidents Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu and Daniel Constantin signed an accord with Social Democratic Party (PSD) leader Liviu Dragnea to form a new coalition government with ALDE as the junior partner.[12] On 30 May 2019 the party withdrew from the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe.[13] The relation between ALDE Romania and ALDE Europe were strained after the ALDE-supported government coalition had passed laws that were deemed by the Venice Commission and ALDE Europe to undermine the independence of the judiciary.[14] The leader of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe, Guy Verhofstadt, had participated previously at a rally of the oppositional USR-PLUS.[15]

ALDE Romania withdrew from their coalition with the Social Democratic Party (PSD) on 26 August 2019 and moved to opposition.[16] In 2020, ALDE merged with PRO Romania, forming a party which took the name PRO Romania Social-Liberal (Romanian: PRO România Social-Liberal).[17] During early 2021 however, ALDE seceded from PRO Romania due to internal frictions between Ponta and Popescu-Tăriceanu as well as due to poor results from the local and legislative elections held throughout the previous year.[18] As of March 2021, ALDE is solely active at local political level in Romania.

Electoral history


Legislative elections

Election Chamber Senate Position Aftermath
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
2012 did not exist1
25 / 412
did not exist
6 / 176
PSD-UNPR-ALDE government (2014–2015)
Supporting the technocratic Cioloș Cabinet (2015–2017)
2016 396,386 5.62
20 / 329
423,728 6.01
9 / 136
 5th  PSD-ALDE government (2017–2019)
Opposition to PSD minority government (2019)
Supporting PNL minority government (2019–2020)
Opposition to PNL minority government (2020)
2020 did not compete2 Extra-parliamentary opposition to PNL-USR PLUS-UDMR government (2020–present)

Notes:
1 the MPs were elected on PC & PNL lists.
2 members of ALDE ran on PRO Romania list.

Local elections

National results
Election County Councilors (CJ) Mayors Local Councilors (CL) Popular vote  % Position
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
2016 411,823 4.98
95 / 1,434
315,236 3.69
195 / 3,186
390,321 4.66
2,284 / 40,067
N/A N/A  3rd 
2020 209,411 2.91
15 / 1,340
124,649 1.67
15 / 3,176
189,665 2.58
861 / 39,900
N/A N/A  7th 
Mayor of Bucharest
Election Candidate First round
Votes Percentage Position
2016 Daniel Barbu17,455
3.04%
 5th 
2020 Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu9,892
1.49%
 5th 

Presidential elections

Election Candidate First round Second round
Votes Percentage Position Votes Percentage Position
2019 Mircea Diaconu1815,201
8.85%
 4th not qualified

Notes:

1 Mircea Diaconu was the candidate of the "One Man" Alliance; alliance members: Pro Romania and ALDE.

European elections

ElectionVotesPercentageMEPsPositionEU PartyEP Group
2019 372,760 4.11%
0 / 32
 7th  ALDE

References


  1. Nordsieck, Wolfram (2020). "Romania". Parties and Elections in Europe. Retrieved 18 December 2020.
  2. Plath, Jörg (2018). ""Unsere Utopie ist Normalität"". Deutschlandfunk. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
  3. "Rumänien startet EU-Ratsvorsitz mit neuer Attacke gegen Justizsystem". Die Presse. 2019. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
  4. Dąborowski, Tomasz (11 January 2017). "Prospects for the centre-left government in Romania". Centre for Eastern Studies. Ośrodek Studiów Wschodnich. Retrieved 2 November 2017.
  5. "Romanian PM woos ethnic Hungarian party with posts". The Irish Times. 24 December 2004. Retrieved 2 November 2017.
  6. Tidey, Alice (5 December 2018). "Romania's ruling coalition loses parliamentary majority: what it means". Euronews. Retrieved 4 June 2019.
  7. "Romania". Europe Elects. Retrieved 4 June 2019.
  8. Tenconi, Raffaella (14 February 2019). "Politics – Romania". ADA (Analyse. Debate. Act.). Archived from the original on 4 June 2019. Retrieved 4 June 2019.
  9. "New political party in Romania". romania-insider.com. 2015-06-22. Archived from the original on 2015-06-26. Retrieved 2015-06-26.
  10. "ALDE Party President welcomes establishment of new party in Romania". aldeparty.eu. 2015-06-19. Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2017-02-05.
  11. "Liberalisok and ALDE Romania become ALDE Party member parties". aldeparty.eu. 2015-11-19. Archived from the original on 2017-02-22. Retrieved 2017-02-05.
  12. "Romania's PSD and ALDE sign coalition protocol". romania-insider.com. 2016-12-20. Retrieved 2017-02-05.
  13. "ALDE România s-a retras din ALDE Europa" (in Romanian). 30 May 2019. Retrieved 31 May 2019.
  14. "Guy Verhofstadt cere excluderea partidului lui Tăriceanu din Alianța Liberal-Democraților Europeni" (in Romanian). 25 April 2019. Retrieved 31 May 2019.
  15. "Guy Verhofstadt: Vom crea o nouă mişcare în Europa care va fi surpriza acestor alegeri" (in Romanian). 25 May 2019. Retrieved 31 May 2019.
  16. "Romania's Ruling PSD Party Loses Majority After Ally Quits". Voice of America. Retrieved 2019-09-28.
  17. "ALDE & Pro România fuzionează și formează Pro România Social Liberal". Europa Liberă România (in Romanian). Retrieved 2020-10-08.
  18. Pecheanu, Gabriel (2021-01-26). "Pro România a convocat un congres extraordinar pentru întreruperea demersurilor de fuziune cu ALDE". Mediafax (in Romanian). Retrieved 2021-01-26.