Alliance of Liberals and Democrats (Romania)
The Alliance of Liberals and Democrats (Romanian: Alianța Liberalilor și Democraților, ALDE) is a liberal political party in Romania. In 2020, it merged into PRO Romania rebranding itself thus into PRO Romania Social Liberal (Romanian: PRO România Social-Liberal). In early 2021, ALDE seceded from PRO Romania, as of the cause of poor electoral results from the local and legislative elections held during the previous year.
|Executive Presidents||Cristian Dima|
|Founded||19 June 2015|
|Merger of||Liberal Reformist Party (PLR) and Conservative Party (PC)|
|Political position||Centre to centre-right|
|Regional affiliation||Liberal South East European Network|
|European affiliation||Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party (2015–2019)|
|International affiliation||Liberal International (Observer)|
0 / 136
|Chamber of Deputies|
0 / 330
0 / 33
15 / 3,176
15 / 1,340
|Local Council Councilors|
861 / 39,900
The party was founded on 19 June 2015 following a merger of the Liberal Reformist Party (PLR) and Conservative Party (PC). On 19 November 2015 the party was admitted into the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe. In the 2016 legislative election on 11 December 2016, ALDE received 5.6% of the vote and 20 seats in the Chamber of Deputies, and 6.0% of the vote and 6 seats in the Senate.
On 19 December 2016, party co-presidents Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu and Daniel Constantin signed an accord with Social Democratic Party (PSD) leader Liviu Dragnea to form a new coalition government with ALDE as the junior partner. On 30 May 2019 the party withdrew from the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe. The relation between ALDE Romania and ALDE Europe were strained after the ALDE-supported government coalition had passed laws that were deemed by the Venice Commission and ALDE Europe to undermine the independence of the judiciary. The leader of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe, Guy Verhofstadt, had participated previously at a rally of the oppositional USR-PLUS.
ALDE Romania withdrew from their coalition with the Social Democratic Party (PSD) on 26 August 2019 and moved to opposition. In 2020, ALDE merged with PRO Romania, forming a party which took the name PRO Romania Social-Liberal (Romanian: PRO România Social-Liberal). During early 2021 however, ALDE seceded from PRO Romania due to internal frictions between Ponta and Popescu-Tăriceanu as well as due to poor results from the local and legislative elections held throughout the previous year. As of March 2021, ALDE is solely active at local political level in Romania.
|2012||did not exist1||
25 / 412
|did not exist||
6 / 176
|—||PSD-UNPR-ALDE government (2014–2015)|
|Supporting the technocratic Cioloș Cabinet (2015–2017)|
20 / 329
9 / 136
|5th||PSD-ALDE government (2017–2019)|
|Opposition to PSD minority government (2019)|
|Supporting PNL minority government (2019–2020)|
|Opposition to PNL minority government (2020)|
|2020||did not compete2||Extra-parliamentary opposition to PNL-USR PLUS-UDMR government (2020–present)|
|Election||County Councilors (CJ)||Mayors||Local Councilors (CL)||Popular vote||%||Position|
95 / 1,434
195 / 3,186
2,284 / 40,067
15 / 1,340
15 / 3,176
861 / 39,900
Mayor of Bucharest
|Election||Candidate||First round||Second round|
|2019||Mircea Diaconu1||815,201||4th||not qualified|
1 Mircea Diaconu was the candidate of the "One Man" Alliance; alliance members: Pro Romania and ALDE.
|Election||Votes||Percentage||MEPs||Position||EU Party||EP Group|
0 / 32
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- "Romania's PSD and ALDE sign coalition protocol". romania-insider.com. 2016-12-20. Retrieved 2017-02-05.
- "ALDE România s-a retras din ALDE Europa" (in Romanian). 30 May 2019. Retrieved 31 May 2019.
- "Guy Verhofstadt cere excluderea partidului lui Tăriceanu din Alianța Liberal-Democraților Europeni" (in Romanian). 25 April 2019. Retrieved 31 May 2019.
- "Guy Verhofstadt: Vom crea o nouă mişcare în Europa care va fi surpriza acestor alegeri" (in Romanian). 25 May 2019. Retrieved 31 May 2019.
- "Romania's Ruling PSD Party Loses Majority After Ally Quits". Voice of America. Retrieved 2019-09-28.
- "ALDE & Pro România fuzionează și formează Pro România Social Liberal". Europa Liberă România (in Romanian). Retrieved 2020-10-08.
- Pecheanu, Gabriel (2021-01-26). "Pro România a convocat un congres extraordinar pentru întreruperea demersurilor de fuziune cu ALDE". Mediafax (in Romanian). Retrieved 2021-01-26.