Allied Democratic Forces insurgency

The Allied Democratic Forces insurgency is an ongoing conflict waged by the Allied Democratic Forces in Uganda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, against the governments of those two countries and the MONUSCO. The insurgency began in 1996, intensifying in 2013, resulting in hundreds of deaths. The ADF is known to currently control a number of hidden camps which are home to about 2,000 people; in these camps, the ADF operates as a proto-state with "an internal security service, a prison, health clinics, and an orphanage" as well as schools for boys and girls.[23]

Allied Democratic Forces insurgency
Part of Kivu conflict

A UNFIB soldier during an operation against the ADF in Beni
Date13 November 1996 – present[1]
(27 years)
Status Ongoing

 DR Congo



 Islamic State

Mai-Mai Kyandenga (from 2020)
Supported by:

FARDC elements[2]
Al-Shabaab[3] (disputed)[6]
Various Jihadi groups (Ugandan and MONUSCO claim)[6]
 Sudan (1990s; currently unknown)[7]
Commanders and leaders

Yoweri Museveni
Félix Tshisekedi (from 2019)
Joseph Kabila (to 2019)

James Aloizi Mwakibolwa

Jamil Mukulu (POW)[3]
Musa Baluku (WIA)
Hood Lukwago (Possibly KIA)[8]
Yusuf Kabanda  
Muhammad Kayiira  
Ashraf Lukwago

Frank Kithasamba[1][9]


/ Islamic State 1,500-2,000[12]
Casualties and losses
17+ killed[13][3] (at least 15 Tanzanian,[13] 1 Malawian,[14] 1 South African[15])
1,590–2,090+ killed[16]
314+ captured[17]
3,424+ people killed (including civilians, soldiers and rebels)[18][19][20][21][22]
150,000+ displaced[7]

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