Aloisius Joseph Muench

Aloisius Joseph Muench (February 18, 1889 – February 15, 1962) was an American prelate of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Bishop of Fargo from 1935 to 1959, and as Apostolic Nuncio to Germany from 1951 to 1959. He was elevated to the cardinalate in 1959.

Aloisius Joseph Muench
Muench (center) in Bonn in 1959
DioceseRoman Catholic Diocese of Fargo, North Dakota
SeeBishop of Fargo
InstalledNovember 6, 1935
Term endedDecember 9, 1959
PredecessorJames O'Reilly
SuccessorLeo Dworschak
OrdinationJune 8, 1916
ConsecrationOctober 15, 1935
Created cardinalDecember 14, 1959
Personal details
Born(1889-02-18)February 18, 1889
Milwaukee, Wisconsin
DiedFebruary 15, 1962(1962-02-15) (aged 72)
Rome, Italy
BuriedFargo, North Dakota
NationalityUnited States
DenominationRoman Catholic
Coat of arms
Ordination history of
Aloisius Joseph Muench
Episcopal consecration
Consecrated byAmleto Giovanni Cicognani
DateOctober 15, 1935
Episcopal succession
Bishops consecrated by Aloisius Joseph Muench as principal consecrator
Vincent James RyanMay 28, 1940
William Theodore MulloyJanuary 10, 1945
Johannes BydolekSeptember 21, 1949
Matthias WehrOctober 29, 1951
Opilio RossiDecember 27, 1953

Muench was the most powerful American Catholic and Vatican representative in Allied-occupied Germany and subsequently in West Germany from 1946 to 1959 as the liaison between the U.S. Office of Military Government and the German Catholic Church in the American occupation zone (1946–1949), Pope Pius XII's apostolic visitor to Germany (1946–1947), the Vatican relief officer in Kronberg im Taunus, Germany (1947–1949), regent in Kronberg (1949–1951), as well as nuncio to Germany.[1]