Alpes Maritimae

The Alpes Maritimae (Latin pronunciation: [ˈaɫpeːs maˈrɪtɪmae̯]; English: 'Maritime Alps') were a small province of the Roman Empire founded in 63 AD by Nero. It was one of the three provinces straddling the Alps between modern France and Italy, along with the Alpes Graiae et Poeninae and Alpes Cottiae. The Alpes Maritimae included parts of the present-day French departments of Alpes-Maritimes (in which the name survives), Alpes-de-Haute-Provence and Hautes-Alpes.[1]

Province of Alpes Maritimae
Provincia Alpes Maritimæ
Province of the Roman Empire
63 AD–476

The Roman Empire c. 125 AD, with the province of Alpes Maritimae highlighted.
CapitalCemenelum (63 AD – 297 AD)
Ebrodunum (from 297 AD)
Historical eraAntiquity
 Established by Nero
63 AD
Succeeded by
Kingdom of Italy (476-493)
Today part of France

The capital of the province was Cemenelum (modern Cimiez, a neighbourhood of Nice), until it was replaced by Eburodunum (modern Embrun) during the reign of Diocletian (284–305).[2]