Alphen aan den Rijn

Alphen aan den Rijn (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈɑlfə(n) aːn də(n) ˈrɛin] (listen); English: "Alphen upon Rhine" or "Alphen on the Rhine") is a city and municipality in the western Netherlands, in the province of South Holland, between Leiden and Utrecht. The city is situated on the banks of the river Oude Rijn (Old Rhine), where the river Gouwe branches off. The municipality had a population of 110,986 in 2019, and covers an area of 132.50 km2 (51.16 sq mi) of which 6.27 km2 (2.42 sq mi) is water.

Alphen aan den Rijn
The former city hall
Location in South Holland
Coordinates: 52°8′N 4°40′E
ProvinceSouth Holland
  BodyMunicipal council
  MayorLiesbeth Spies (CDA)
  Total132.50 km2 (51.16 sq mi)
  Land126.23 km2 (48.74 sq mi)
  Water6.27 km2 (2.42 sq mi)
Elevation2 m (7 ft)
 (January 2019)[4]
  Density879/km2 (2,280/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
2390–2409, 2445, 2470–2471, 2730–2731, 2770–2771
Area code0172
Topographic map of Alphen aan den Rijn (town), Sept. 2014

The municipality of Alphen aan den Rijn also includes the communities of Aarlanderveen, Zwammerdam, and Boskoop. The city is located in what is called the 'Green Heart' of the Netherlands, which is a somewhat less densely populated centre area of the Randstad.

The name "Alphen" is probably derived from the name of the Roman fort Albaniana, meaning "settlement at the white water".[citation needed] Its remains still lie underneath the city centre.

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