Alphonsus Liguori

Alphonsus Liguori CSsR (27 September 1696 – 1 August 1787), sometimes called Alphonsus Maria de Liguori or Saint Alphonsus Liguori, was an Italian Catholic bishop, spiritual writer, composer, musician, artist, poet, lawyer, scholastic philosopher, and theologian.


Alphonsus Liguori

Bishop of Sant'Agata de' Goti
MetropolisBenevento
DioceseSant'Agata de' Goti
SeeSant'Agata de' Goti
Appointed14 June 1762
Installed20 June 1762
Term ended26 June 1775
PredecessorFlaminius Danza
SuccessorOnofrio de Rossi
Orders
Ordination21 December 1726
Consecration20 June 1762
by Ferdinando Maria de Rossi
Personal details
Born(1696-09-27)27 September 1696
Marianella, Campania, Kingdom of Naples
Died1 August 1787(1787-08-01) (aged 90)
Pagani, Campania, Kingdom of Naples
DenominationRoman Catholic
Sainthood
Feast day
Venerated inRoman Catholic Church
Title as SaintBishop, Moral Theologian, Confessor and Doctor of the Church
Beatified15 September 1816
Rome, Papal States
by Pope Pius VII
Canonized26 May 1839
Rome, Papal States
by Pope Gregory XVI
PatronagePagani, Cancello, Naples (co-patron); arthritis, lawyers, confessors, moralists, vocations
Shrines

He founded the Congregation of the Most Holy Redeemer, known as the Redemptorists, in November 1732. In 1762 he was appointed Bishop of Sant'Agata dei Goti. A prolific writer, he published nine editions of his Moral Theology in his lifetime, in addition to other devotional and ascetic works and letters. Among his best known works are The Glories of Mary and The Way of the Cross, the latter still used in parishes during Lenten devotions.

He was canonized in 1839 by Pope Gregory XVI and proclaimed a Doctor of the Church by Pope Pius IX in 1871. One of the most widely read Catholic authors, he is the patron saint of confessors.[2][3]