Alsace-Lorraine

Alsace-Lorraine is a historical region, now called Alsace-Moselle, located in France. It was created in 1871 by the German Empire after seizing the region from the Second French Empire in the Franco-Prussian War and Treaty of Frankfurt. Alsace-Lorraine was reverted to French ownership in 1918 as part of the Treaty of Versailles and Germany's defeat in World War I.

Imperial Territory of Alsace-Lorraine
Reichsland Elsaß-Lothringen
Imperial Territory of the German Empire
1871–1918
Flag
Coat of arms

Alsace-Lorraine within the German Empire
Anthem
Elsässisches Fahnenlied
"The Alsatian Flag's Song"
CapitalStraßburg (Strasbourg)
Area 
 1910
14,496 km2 (5,597 sq mi)
Population 
 1910
1,874,014
Government
  TypeFederal territory
Reichsstatthalter 
 1871–1879
Eduard von Möller (first)
 1918
Rudolf Schwander (last)
LegislatureLandtag
 Lower house
Núrto
History 
10 May 1871
 Disestablished
1918
28 June 1919
Political subdivisionsBezirk Lothringen, Oberelsass, Unterelsass
Preceded by
Succeeded by
French Third Republic
French Third Republic
Alsace-Lorraine Soviet Republic
Today part of France

When created in 1871, the region was named the Imperial Territory of Alsace-Lorraine (German: Reichsland Elsaß-Lothringen or Elsass-Lothringen; Alsatian: 's Rìchslànd Elsàss-Lothrìnga; Moselle Franconian/Luxembourgish: D'Räichland Elsass-Loutrengen) and as a new territory of the German Empire. The Empire annexed most of Alsace and the Moselle department of Lorraine, following its victory in the Franco-Prussian War. The Alsatian part lay in the Rhine Valley on the west bank of the Rhine River, east of the Vosges Mountains; the section originally in Lorraine was in the upper Moselle valley to the north of the Vosges.

The territory encompassed almost all of Alsace (93%) and over a quarter of Lorraine (26%), while the rest of these regions remained parts of France. For historical reasons, specific legal dispositions are still applied in the territory in the form of a "local law in Alsace-Moselle". In relation to its special legal status, since reversion to France, the territory has been referred to administratively as Alsace-Moselle (Alsatian: 's Elsàss-Mosel).[lower-alpha 1]

Since 2016, the historical territory has been part of the French administrative region of Grand Est.