Ambrose of Milan (Latin: Aurelius Ambrosius; c. 340 – 397), venerated as Saint Ambrose, was the Bishop of Milan, a theologian, and one of the most influential ecclesiastical figures of the 4th century.
Ambrose of Milan
|Bishop of Milan|
|Term ended||4 April 397|
|Consecration||7 December 374|
|Birth name||Aurelius Ambrosius|
Augusta Treverorum, Gallia Belgica, Roman Empire (modern-day Trier, Germany)
|Died||4 April 397 56–57) (aged|
Mediolanum, Italia, Roman Empire (modern-day Milan, Italy)
|Veni redemptor gentium|
|Tradition or movement||Trinitarianism|
|Notable ideas||Filioque, anti-paganism, mother of the Church|
|Feast day||December 7|
|Title as Saint||Doctor of the Church|
|Patronage||Bee keepers, bees, bishops, candle makers, domestic animals, French Commissariat, geese, learning, livestock, Milan, police officers, students, wax refiners|
|Shrines||Basilica of Sant'Ambrogio|
Ambrose was serving as the Roman governor of Aemilia-Liguria in Milan when he was unexpectedly made Bishop of Milan in 374 by popular acclamation. As bishop, he took a firm position against Arianism and attempted to mediate the conflict between the emperors Theodosius I and Magnus Maximus. Tradition credits Ambrose with promoting "antiphonal chant", a style of chanting in which one side of the choir responds alternately to the other, as well as with composing Veni redemptor gentium, an Advent hymn. He also had notable influence on Augustine of Hippo (354–430).
Western Christianity identified Ambrose as one of its four traditional Doctors of the Church. He is considered a saint by the Catholic Church, Eastern Orthodox Church, Anglican Communion, and various Lutheran denominations, and venerated as the patron saint of Milan.