American Orthodox Catholic Church

The American Orthodox Catholic Church (AOCC), or The Holy Eastern Orthodox Catholic and Apostolic Church in North America (THEOCACNA), and sometimes simply the American Orthodox Patriarchate (AOP),[1] is an independent Eastern Orthodox Christian church with origins from 1924–1927.[2] The church was formally created on February 2, 1927 and chartered in the U.S. state of Massachusetts in 1928 with the assistance of Metropolitan Platon Rozhdestvensky of New York;[3] the American Orthodox Catholic Church was initially led by Archbishop Aftimios Ofiesh before his disputed suspension and deposition in 1933.[4][5][6][7]

American Orthodox Catholic Church
Emblem
AbbreviationAOCC
TypeEastern Christian
ClassificationIndependent Eastern Orthodox
ScriptureSeptuagint, New Testament
TheologyOrthodox theology, Palamism, Hesychasm, Clerical marriage
PolityEpiscopal
GovernanceHoly Synod of the American Orthodox Catholic Church
PatriarchVictor Prentice
RegionNorth America, South America
LanguageEnglish, Church Slavonic, Spanish, Russian, Irish, German, Arabic, Latin, Italian, Koine Greek, Modern Greek, other vernacular languages
LiturgyByzantine and Western
FounderAftimios Ofiesh
Origin1927
New York, N.Y., United States
Branched fromOrthodox Church in America
SeparationsAmerican World Patriarchs

The American Orthodox Catholic Church is the first attempted autocephalous Eastern Orthodox Christian jurisdiction for North America, though it was originally intended to function as a diocese of the Russian Orthodox Greek Catholic Church in America (today the Orthodox Church in America).[4][6] The American Orthodox Catholic Church in its original foundation and continuation functioned as an archbishopric before elevation to the metropolitanate and then patriarchate; it is currently led by Victor Prentice.[8]

The purpose of the American Orthodox Catholic Church was to establish a new tradition in North America separate from any other particular ethnic or cultural traditions.[6][9] It operated in the United States of America with initial support from the Russian Orthodox Greek Catholic Church in America, until Ofiesh suspected autocephaly and jurisdiction over the Russian Orthodox Greek Catholic Church in America, the Antiochian Archdiocese, Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America, and others.[4][6]