American pale ale

American pale ale (APA) is a style of pale ale developed in the United States around 1980.[1]

American pale ale
Sierra Nevada Pale Ale, prototypical APA
Country of originUnited States
Yeast typeTop-fermenting
Alcohol by volume4.5% - 6.2%
Color (SRM)5 - 14
Bitterness (IBU)30 - 45
Original gravity1.045 - 1.060
Final gravity1.010 - 1.015
Malt percentageusually 100%

American pale ales are generally around 5% abv with significant quantities of American hops, typically Cascade.[2] Although American brewed beers tend to use a cleaner yeast, and American two row malt, it is particularly the American hops that distinguish an APA from British or European pale ales.[3] The style is close to the American India Pale Ale (IPA), and boundaries blur,[4] though IPAs are stronger and more assertively hopped.[5] The style is also close to amber ale, though ambers are darker and maltier due to use of crystal malts.[6]


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