Amur Oblast (Russian: Аму́рская о́бласть, tr. Amurskaya oblast, IPA: [ɐˈmurskəjə ˈobləsʲtʲ]) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast), located on the banks of the Amur and Zeya Rivers in the Russian Far East. The administrative center of the oblast, the city of Blagoveshchensk, is one of the oldest settlements in the Russian Far East, founded in 1856. It is a traditional center of trade and gold mining. The territory is accessed by two railways: the Trans-Siberian Railway and the Baikal–Amur Mainline. As of the 2010 Census, the oblast's population was 830,103.
|Federal district||Far Eastern|
|Economic region||Far Eastern|
|• Body||Legislative Assembly|
|• Governor||Vasily Orlov|
|• Total||363,700 km2 (140,400 sq mi)|
|• Estimate||798,424 (−3.8%)|
|• Density||2.3/km2 (5.9/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+9 (MSK+6 )|
|ISO 3166 code||RU-AMU|
Amur Krai (Аму́рский край) or Priamurye (Приаму́рье) were unofficial names for the Russian territories by the Amur River used in the late Russian Empire that approximately correspond to modern Amur Oblast.