Amur

The Amur (Russian: река́ Аму́р, IPA: [ɐˈmur]), or Heilong Jiang (Chinese: 黑龙江; pinyin: Hēilóng Jiāng, "Black Dragon River", IPA: [xéi.lʊ̌ŋ tɕjáŋ]),[2] is the world's tenth longest river, forming the border between the Russian Far East and Northeastern China (Inner Manchuria). The Amur proper is 2,824 kilometres (1,755 mi) long, and has a drainage basin of 1,855,000 square kilometres (716,000 sq mi).[1][3] Including its source river Argun, it is 4,440 km (2,760 mi) long.[3] The largest fish species in the Amur is the kaluga, attaining a length as great as 5.6 metres (18 ft).[4] The river basin is home to a variety of large predatory fish such as northern snakehead, Amur pike, taimen, Amur catfish, predatory carp and yellowcheek,[5] as well as the northernmost populations of the Amur softshell turtle[6] and Indian lotus.[7]

Amur
ᠰᠠᡥᠠᠯᡳᠶᠠᠨ
ᡠᠯᠠ

sahaliyan ula (in Manchu)
黑龙江 Hēilóng Jiāng (in Chinese)
Аму́р, Amur (in Russian)
The river Amur (Heilong Jiang)
Map of the Amur watershed
EtymologyMongolian: amur ("rest")
Location
Countries
Cities
Physical characteristics
SourceOnon-Shilka
  locationKhan Khentii Strictly Protected Area, Khentii Province, Mongolia
  coordinates48°48′59″N 108°46′13″E
  elevation2,045 m (6,709 ft)
2nd sourceArgun
  locationGreater Khingan, Hulunbuir, China
  coordinates49.937°N 122.465°E / 49.937; 122.465
Source confluence 
  locationNear Pokrovka, Russia
  coordinates53°19′58″N 121°28′37″E
  elevation303 m (994 ft)
MouthStrait of Tartary
  location
Near Nikolayevsk-on-Amur, Khabarovsk Krai, Russia
  coordinates
52°56′50″N 141°05′02″E
  elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Length2,824 km (1,755 mi)[1]
Basin size1,855,000 km2 (716,000 sq mi)[1]
Discharge 
  locationmouth
  average10,739 m3/s (379,200 cu ft/s)
  minimum514 m3/s (18,200 cu ft/s)
  maximum30,700 m3/s (1,080,000 cu ft/s)
Basin features
River systemStrait of Tartary
Tributaries 
  leftShilka, Zeya, Bureya, Amgun
  rightArgun, Huma, Songhua, Ussuri