Andrew Faulds


Andrew Matthew William Faulds (1 March 1923 – 31 May 2000) was a British actor and Labour Party politician. After a successful acting career on stage, on radio and in films, he was a Member of Parliament from 1966 to 1997.

Andrew Faulds
photographed by Godfrey Argent, 1970
Member of Parliament
for Warley East
Smethwick (1966–1974)
In office
31 March 1966  8 April 1997
Preceded byPeter Griffiths
Succeeded byConstituency abolished
Personal details
Born
Andrew Matthew William Faulds

(1923-03-01)1 March 1923
Isoko, Tanganyika
Died31 May 2000(2000-05-31) (aged 77)
Stratford-on-Avon, Warwickshire, England, UK
Political partyLabour
Spouse(s)Bunty Whitfield (1945–2000)
Alma materUniversity of Glasgow
OccupationActor, politician

Early life


Faulds was born to missionary parents in Isoko, Tanganyika. He married Bunty Whitfield in 1945.[1] During the Second World War he served in both the Royal Air Force and the Fleet Air Arm.[2]

After graduating from the University of Glasgow, he joined the Royal Shakespeare Company in 1948. However, he first came to a wider public recognition playing Jet Morgan in Charles Chilton's radio drama Journey into Space on the BBC Light Programme.[3]

Acting career


In 1959, Faulds and his wife played host to Paul Robeson, who had travelled to Britain to appear at the Royal Shakespeare Theatre, Stratford-upon-Avon in Tony Richardson's production of Othello. Robeson had only recently been permitted again to travel abroad, following the revocation of his passport. During this visit, Robeson inspired Faulds to take up political activism.[3]

Faulds maintained his acting career throughout the 1960s and 1970s, and in particular became a key part of film director Ken Russell's repertory company, appearing in, among other films, Dante's Inferno (1967) (as William Morris), The Devils (1971), Mahler (1974) and Lisztomania (1975). Notably, he appeared in Russell's film The Music Lovers (1970) alongside Glenda Jackson, who, like him went on to become a Labour MP.[3]

One of Faulds' best-remembered roles is Phalerus in Jason and the Argonauts (1963), in which he took part in the skeleton fight scene that featured model work by Ray Harryhausen. Another was in "The Radio Ham" (1961), an episode of Hancock, as the unseen voice of 'mayday'.

Member of Parliament


Faulds first stood for Parliament as the Labour candidate in the 1963 Stratford by-election, caused by the resignation of John Profumo over a security scandal. He fought the constituency again in the general election the following year, but on both occasions he was beaten by the Conservative future Cabinet minister Angus Maude.

In the 1964 general election, the Labour Shadow Foreign Secretary, Patrick Gordon Walker, was defeated in controversial circumstances in the Smethwick constituency by Conservative candidate Peter Griffiths. Smethwick had become the home of immigrants from the Commonwealth in the years following the Second World War, and Griffiths' 1964 campaign was critical of Conservative government policy as well as of Labour statements on the issue. Increasing the Labour vote in the Smethwick constituency for the first time since 1950, Faulds defeated Griffiths in the 1966 general election and became Labour Member of Parliament (MP) for the constituency, being re-elected until his retirement in 1997.

The constituency was renamed Warley East in 1974. Smethwick remained the focus of much racial tension in Britain throughout Faulds' time as an MP, in particular following the "Rivers of Blood" speech by fellow West Midlands MP Enoch Powell in 1968 which Faulds characterised as "... unchristian ... unprincipled, undemocratic and racialist."[3] Faulds has sometimes been named as a supporter of capital punishment on the basis of off-the-cuff remarks, but he is listed in Hansard as voting against the restoration of the death penalty in 1969.[citation needed]

Faulds became known for using controversial language in the House of Commons; for example, verbally attacking Norman St John-Stevas in a heated debate over abortion in 1967, saying that he "has not the capacity to put a bun in anybody's oven" (referring to Stevas’ homosexuality). In 1978, he was pressured to apologise for calling John Davies, the Shadow Foreign Secretary at the time, a "fat-arsed twit"; ten years later he was reproached for calling David Shaw "an honourable shit".[4] In 1990, he called prime minister Margaret Thatcher a "stupid, negative woman" for sending troops into the Gulf.[5]

In 1973, Labour leader Harold Wilson sacked Faulds as Labour's arts spokesman for accusing Jewish MPs of dual loyalty.[6]

A Europhile, Faulds was one of only five Labour MPs to vote for the Third Reading of the European Communities (Amendment) Act 1993 (which gave effect in UK law to the Maastricht Treaty) in 1993. In so doing he defied his party whip, which was to abstain.[7]

Filmography


Notes


  1. "Andrew Faulds". The Daily Telegraph. 2 June 2000. Archived from the original on 12 August 2014. Retrieved 8 August 2014.
  2. "Andrew Faulds". The Daily Telegraph. 2 June 2000. Archived from the original on 12 August 2014. Retrieved 4 October 2018.
  3. White, Michael (1 June 2000). "Obituary: Andrew Faulds". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 9 May 2014. Retrieved 11 August 2007.
  4. "Andrew Faulds dies aged 77". The Herald. 2 June 2000. Archived from the original on 9 August 2014. Retrieved 8 August 2014.
  5. "European Council (Rome) (Hansard, 30 October 1990)". api.parliament.uk. Retrieved 21 June 2021.
  6. "How the UK Labour Party's Zionist Problem Started". Haaretz. 21 March 2016. Retrieved 15 March 2019.
  7. "Tory MPs in record revolt: Lamont leaves door open for ERM re-entry". The Independent. 21 May 1993.