Angora Vilayet


The Vilayet of Angora[2] (Turkish: Vilâyet-i Ankara, French: Vilayet d'Angora) or Ankara was a first-level administrative division (vilayet) of the Ottoman Empire, centered on the city of Angora (Ankara) in north-central Anatolia, which included most of ancient Galatia.

ولايت آنقره
Vilâyet-i Ânḳara
Vilayet of the Ottoman Empire
1867–1922

The Angora Vilayet in 1890
CapitalAngora (Ankara)[1]
History 
1867
 Disestablished
1922
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Ankara Eyalet
Turkey
Today part of Turkey

Demographics


At the beginning of the 20th century it reportedly had an area of 32,339 square miles (83,760 km2), while the preliminary results of the first Ottoman census of 1885 (published in 1908) gave the population as 892,901.[3] The accuracy of the population figures ranges from "approximate" to "merely conjectural" depending on the region from which they were gathered.[3] As of 1920, the population was described as being mainly Muslim from Turkey, and Armenian Christians.[4]

Economy


It was an agricultural country, depending for its prosperity on its grain, wool and the mohair obtained from the Angora goats.[1] An important industry was carpet-weaving at Kırşehir and Kayseri.[1] There were mines of silver, copper, lignite and salt, and many hot springs, including some of great repute medicinally.[1] Rock salt and fuller's earth was also mined in the area.[5]

Weaving was a popular industry in the vilayet but declined after the introduction of the railroad, where locals would export wool and mohair instead of weaving it. A small carpet industry was also found in the region in the early 20th century.[6]

Administrative divisions


Sanjaks of the Vilayet:[7]

  1. Sanjak of Ankara (Ankara, Ayaş, Beypazarı, Sivrihisar, Çubuk, Nallıhan, Haymana, Kızılcahamam, Mihalıççık, Balâ, Kalecik)
  2. Sanjak of Bozok (Yozgat, Akdağmadeni, Boğazlıyan)
  3. Sanjak of Kayseri (Kayseri, Develi, İncesu)
  4. Sanjak of Kırsehir (Kırşehir, Mucur, Hacıbektaş, Keskin, Çiçekdağı, Avanos)
  5. Sanjak of Çorum (Çorum, Osmancık, Kargı, Sungurlu, İskilip)

Villages

There was an Armenian village called Stanoz in proximity to Angora. Much of the Armenian population was lost after the Armenian genocide. By 2020 there was a cemetery remaining.[8]

References


  1. Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Angora" . Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
  2. Geographical Dictionary of the World, p. 1796, at Google Books
  3. Asia by A. H. Keane, page 459
  4. Prothero, G.W. (1920). Anatolia. London: H.M. Stationery Office.
  5. Prothero, G.W. (1920). Anatolia. London: H.M. Stationery Office. p. 107.
  6. Prothero, G.W. (1920). Anatolia. London: H.M. Stationery Office. p. 112.
  7. Ankara Vilayeti | Tarih ve Medeniyet
  8. Sassounian, Harut (2002-03-02). "Remnants of an Old Armenian Village Near Ankara". Armenian Weekly. Retrieved 2020-04-25.