Annam (French protectorate)

Annam (Chữ Nôm: 安南; alternate spelling: Anam), or Trung Kỳ (中圻), was a French protectorate encompassing Central Vietnam. Before the protectorate's establishment, the name Annam was used in the West to refer to Vietnam as a whole; Vietnamese people were referred to as Annamites. The protectorate of Annam became a part of French Indochina in 1887, along with two other Vietnamese regions, Cochinchina (Vietnamese: Nam Kỳ) in the South and Tonkin (Bắc Kỳ) in the North. The region had a dual system of French and Vietnamese administration. The Nguyễn Dynasty still nominally ruled Annam, with a puppet emperor residing in Huế. In 1948, the protectorate was merged in the Provisional Central Government of Vietnam, which was replaced the next year by the newly established State of Vietnam. The region was divided between communist North Vietnam and anti-communist South Vietnam under the terms of the Geneva Accord of 1954.

Protectorate of Annam
Protectorat d'Annam  (French)
Xứ bảo hộ Trung Kỳ (處保護中圻)
1883–1945
1945–1948
Motto: "Liberté, égalité, fraternité"
"Liberty, Equality, Fraternity"
Anthem: "La Marseillaise"
Royal anthem: Đăng đàn cung
(English: "The Emperor Mounts His Throne")
Imperial seal
皇帝之寶
(Hoàng Đế chi bảo)

(Until 1945)
Administrative divisions of the French Protectorate of Annam in 1920.
StatusProtectorate of France; constituent territory of French Indochina
CapitalHuế
Common languagesCham, Bahnar, Rade, Jarai, Stieng, Mnong, Koho, Chinese, French, Vietnamese
Religion
Mahayana Buddhism
Confucianism
Taoism
Catholicism
Folk religion
Hinduism
Islam
GovernmentAbsolute monarchy under colonial administration
Resident Superior 
 1886-1888
Charles Dillon
 1947-1949
Henri Pierre Joseph Marie Lebris
Emperor 
 1884–1885
Hàm Nghi
 1889–1907
Thành Thái
 1916–1925
Khải Định
 1925–1945
Bảo Đại
History 
1883
6 June 1884
25 August 1945
 Disestablished
1948
CurrencyVietnamese cash,
French Indochinese piastre
Preceded by
Succeeded by
1884:
Empire of Đại Nam
1945:
French Indochina
1945:
Empire of Vietnam
1887:
French Indochina
1945:
Empire of Vietnam
1948:
Provisional Central Government of Vietnam
Today part ofVietnam