Anne Robert Jacques Turgot

Anne Robert Jacques Turgot, Baron de l'Aulne[lower-alpha 1] (/tʊərˈɡ/ toor-GOH; French: [tyʁgo]; 10 May 1727  18 March 1781), commonly known as Turgot, was a French economist and statesman. Originally considered a physiocrat, he is today best remembered as an early advocate for economic liberalism.[2] He is thought to be the first economist to have recognized the law of diminishing marginal returns in agriculture.[3]

Anne Robert Jacques Turgot
Portrait of Turgot by Antoine Graincourt, now in Versailles
First Minister of State
In office
24 August 1774  12 May 1776
MonarchLouis XVI
Preceded byRené Nicolas de Maupeou
Succeeded byThe Count of Maurepas
Controller-General of Finances
In office
24 August 1774  12 May 1776
MonarchLouis XVI
Preceded byJoseph Marie Terray
Succeeded byBaron de Nuits
Secretaries of State for the Navy
In office
20 July 1774  24 August 1774
MonarchLouis XVI
Preceded byMarquis de Boynes
Succeeded byAntoine de Sartine
Personal details
Born(1727-05-10)10 May 1727
Paris, France
Died18 March 1781(1781-03-18) (aged 53)
Paris, France
NationalityFrench
Signature
Academic career
FieldPolitical economics
School or
tradition
Physiocrats
Alma materSorbonne
InfluencesMontesquieu · François Quesnay
Arms of Baron Turgot: Ermine fretty of ten pieces gules, nailed or[1]