Anselm of Canterbury

Anselm of Canterbury[lower-alpha 1] (/ˈænsɛlm/; 1033/4–1109), also called Anselm of Aosta (Italian: Anselmo d'Aosta) after his birthplace and Anselm of Bec (French: Anselme du Bec) after his monastery, was an Italian[7] Benedictine monk, abbot, philosopher and theologian of the Catholic Church, who held the office of Archbishop of Canterbury from 1093 to 1109. After his death, he was canonized as a saint; his feast day is 21 April.


Anselm of Canterbury
Archbishop of Canterbury
Anselm depicted in his personal seal
ChurchCatholic Church
ArchdioceseCanterbury
SeeCanterbury
Appointed1093
Term ended21 April 1109
PredecessorLanfranc
SuccessorRalph d'Escures
Other post(s)Abbot of Bec
Orders
Consecration4 December 1093
Personal details
Birth nameAnselmo d'Aosta
Bornc. 1033
Aosta, Kingdom of Burgundy, Holy Roman Empire
Died21 April 1109
Canterbury, England
BuriedCanterbury Cathedral
ParentsGundulph
Ermenberga
OccupationMonk, prior, abbot, archbishop
Sainthood
Feast day21 April
Venerated inCatholic Church
Anglican Communion[1]
Lutheranism[2]
Title as SaintBishop, Confessor, Doctor of the Church
(Doctor Magnificus)
Canonized1163
by Pope Alexander III
AttributesHis mitre, pallium, and crozier
His books
A ship, representing the spiritual independence of the Church. Beginning at Bec, Anselm composed dialogues and treatises with a rational and philosophical approach, sometimes causing him to be credited as the founder of Scholasticism. Despite his lack of recognition in this field in his own time, Anselm is now famed as the originator of the ontological argument for the existence of God and of the satisfaction theory of atonement. He was proclaimed a Doctor of the Church by a bull of Pope Clement XI in 1720.

Philosophy career
Notable work
Proslogion
Cur Deus Homo
EraMedieval philosophy
RegionWestern philosophy
British philosophy
SchoolScholasticism
Neoplatonism[3]
Augustinianism
Main interests
Metaphysics, theology
Notable ideas
Ontological argument
Satisfaction theory of atonement

As archbishop, he defended the church's interests in England amid the Investiture Controversy. For his resistance to the English kings William II and Henry I, he was exiled twice: once from 1097 to 1100 and then from 1105 to 1107. While in exile, he helped guide the Greek bishops of southern Italy to adopt Roman rites at the Council of Bari. He worked for the primacy of Canterbury over the bishops of York and Wales but, though at his death he appeared to have been successful, Pope Paschal II later reversed himself and restored York's independence.