Anti-Russian sentiment, commonly referred to as Russophobia, describes prejudice, fear or hatred against Russia, the Russians, and Russian culture. Russophilia, by contrast, refers to admiration and fondness of Russia and the Russians.
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In the past, Russophobia has included state-sponsored mistreatment and propaganda against the Russians in France and Germany. Nazi Germany, at one point, deemed Russians and other Slavs, an inferior race and "sub-human". As a result, millions of Russian civilians and POWs were murdered by the Nazis during World War II, and up to 70 million more were planned to be cleansed as part of Generalplan Ost and for Lebensraum.
In the present, a variety of mass culture clichés and negative stereotypes about Russians exist, mainly in the Western world. Some individuals may have prejudice or hatred against Russians due to history, racism, propaganda, or ingrained stereotypes and hatred.