Anti-Turkish sentiment, also known as Anti-Turkism (Turkish: Türk düşmanlığı), or Turkophobia (Turkish: Türkofobi) is hostility, intolerance, or racism against Turkish people, Turkish culture and the Turkish language.
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The term refers to intolerance, not only against Turks across all regions, but also against the subjects of the Ottoman Empire, as well as descendants of ethnic Turks such as Syrian Turkmen and Iraqi Turkmen. It is also applied to groups who developed in part under the influence of Turkish culture and traditions while converting to Islam, especially during the time of the Ottoman Empire, such as Albanians, Bosniaks and other smaller ethnic groups around Balkans.[page needed]