Anti-Turkish sentiment, also known as Anti-Turkism (Turkish: Türk düşmanlığı), or Turkophobia (Turkish: Türkofobi) is hostility, intolerance, or racism against Turkish or Turkic people, Turkish culture, or Turkic countries.
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The term refers to intolerance, not only against Turks across all regions, but also against Turkish groups as a whole, including Azerbaijanis, Crimean Tatars and Turkmens. It is also applied to groups who developed in part under the influence of Turkish culture and traditions while converting to Islam, especially during Ottoman times, such as Albanians, Bosniaks and other smaller ethnic groups around Balkans.[page needed][page needed]