Antiochus I Theos of Commagene

Antiochus I Theos Dikaios Epiphanes Philorhomaios Philhellen (Ancient Greek: Ἀντίοχος ὁ Θεὸς Δίκαιος Ἐπιφανὴς Φιλορωμαῖος Φιλέλλην, meaning "Antiochos, the just, eminent god, friend of Romans and friend of Greeks", c. 86 BC – 31 BC, ruled 70 BC – 31 BC) was king of the Greco-Iranian Kingdom of Commagene and the most famous king of that kingdom.[1]

Antiochus I Theos
Antiochus I, shaking hands with Herakles-Artagnes-Ares, Arsameia
King of Commagene
Reign70 – 31 BC
PredecessorMithridates I Callinicus
SuccessorMithridates II
Born16 July 98 BC
Died31 BC
SpouseIsias Philostorgos
IssueMithridates II
Laodice of Parthia
Antiochus II
Antiochus I Theos Dikaios Epiphanes Philorhomaios Philhellenos
HouseOrontid Dynasty
FatherMithridates I Callinicus
MotherLaodice VII Thea
ReligionGreco-Iranian religious syncretism

The ruins of the tomb-sanctuary of Antiochus atop Mount Nemrut in Turkey were added to the UNESCO World Heritage list in 1987. Several sandstone bas reliefs discovered at the site contain some of the oldest known images of two figures shaking hands.[2] The reliefs portrayed Greco-Iranian deities, along with the goddess Commagene and also even Antiochus himself represented in a deified status.[3] Antiochus was one of the last rulers of a Persian-Macedonian court before the advent of the Romans.[4]