Antiviral protein

Antiviral proteins are proteins that are induced by human or animal cells to interfere with viral replication. These proteins are isolated to inhibit the virus from replicating in a host's cells and stop it from spreading to other cells.[citation needed] The Pokeweed antiviral protein and the Zinc-Finger antiviral protein are two major antiviral proteins that have undergone several tests for viruses, including HIV and influenza.[citation needed]

Mechanism of zinc-finger antiviral protein (ZAP) recognition of specific target RNA, and the process by which ZAP coordinates downstream RNA degradation (left). ZAP-RNA complex protein ribbon diagram (right).

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