Aporophobia (from the Spanish aporofobia, and this from the Ancient Greek ἄπορος (á-poros), without resources, indigent, poor, and φόβος (phobos), fear)[1][2] is fear of poverty and of poor people. It is the disgust and hostility toward poor people, those without resources or who are helpless.[3]

The concept of aporophobia was coined in the 1990s[4][5] by the philosopher Adela Cortina, professor of Ethics and Political Philosophy at the University of Valencia,[6] to differentiate this attitude from xenophobia, which only refers to the rejection of foreigners, and racism, which is discrimination by ethnic groups. The difference between aporophobia and xenophobia or racism is that socially there is no discrimination or marginalization of immigrants or members of other ethnic groups when these people have assets, economic resources and/or social and media relevance.[4][7][8]

The aporophobia consists, therefore, in a feeling of fear and in an attitude of rejection of the poor, the lack of means, the helpless. Such feeling and such attitude are acquired.[4]

After a decision of French Parliament on the 24 of June of 2016 it was added in the list of discriminations that forbidden by the constitution "discrimination for social precarity".

Fear of those who live in poverty and whose values or beliefs may differ.

However it noted that less than 20 persons instigated a lawsuit due to a such discrimination.